Conflict involving miners of Juma river, Novo Aripuana/AM, Brazil

Description
Located in the Southern region of Amazonas State, the cities of Novo Aripuana and Apui have suffered from a heavy influx of artisanal miners from other Brazilian States (especially Para) after the discovery of Placer gold deposits on the banks of the river Juma, in Novo Aripuan. Emeralds and other gems have also been found.
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Basic Data
NameConflict involving miners of Juma river, Novo Aripuana/AM, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceAmazonas
SiteNovo Aripuana e Apui
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesGold
Emerald And Other Gems.
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
It is estimated that the mine had extracted two tons of gold since 2006.
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Project Area (in hectares)100
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20000
Company Names or State EnterprisesMinorte from Brazil
Relevant government actorsDepartamento Nacional de Producao Mineral - DNPM, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Instituto Nacional de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis - IBAMA, Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Naturais - CPRM, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF, Governo do Estado do Amazonas, Secretaria Estadual de Desenvolvimento Sustentavel - SDS, Secretaria Estadual de Mineracao Geodiversidade de Recursos Hdricos - SEMGRH, Policia Militar do Estado do Amazonas
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCooperativa dos Movimentos do Sul do Amazonas - Coperdsam, Cooperativa Extrativista Mineral Familiar do Juma - Cooperjuma
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The miners won the right to explore the Juma River, but this did not diminish the social and environmental impacts recorded and there are still reports of violence caused by other prospectors that are not part of the local community.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PRODUCAO MINERAL. Decreto de 19/04/2007, Diario Oficial da Uniao de 20/04/2007. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
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______. Portaria N 10, de 10/01/2007, Diario Oficial da Uniao de 11/01/2007. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
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References

MAPA DA INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Descoberta de ouro, garimpo e conflitos fundiarios trazem violencia e ameacam sade de populaes. Disponivel em:
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Links

AGENCIA FOLHA. INCRA diz ser dono de terras do garimpo ilegal de Novo Aripuana. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
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AGORA SAO PAULO. Garimpo devasta floresta no Amazonas. 03 out. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 nov. 2012.
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FARIAS, Elaize. Garimpo de ouro no Amazonas que chegou a atrair mais de 10 mil pessoas e legalizado. A Critica, 27 abr. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 nov. 2012.
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PORTAL AMAZONIA. Governos fazem avaliacao do garimpo de novo Aripuana (AM). Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
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PORTAL CULTURA. O Garimpo do Juma atrai levas de imigrantes do Para. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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