Crocodile Bay Resort and Marina, Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Costa Rica is recognized around the world as an attractive destination for ecotourism. However, since the 1990´s a large-scale coastal tourism model has been implemented in the country’s Pacific coast. This model, based on cruise ships, resorts, golf courses, residential tourism, real estate speculation and marinas, has ever since generated serious environmental and social impacts.</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">The Crocodile Bay - a luxury sport fishing resort in Puerto Jiménez on the Osa Peninsula in Puntarenas - already has a dock for its fishing boats, but it is currently looking to expand to a large marina. In addition, Crocodile Bay plans to build 84 luxury villa, a parking lot and a “Waterfront Marina Village” that will include shops and restaurants.<br/><br/>The particular ecological characteristics of the area and the scale of the construction are the principals reasons why locals communities and NGO´s (such as Fundación Neotrópica and Conservación Osa) are strongly opposed to the Marina. According to the expansion plans, the Marine will be located on the Osa Peninsula, the most biologically diverse regions in Costa Rica. This area is cataloged as one of the four tropical fjords in the world and it is located very near the Refugio de Vida Silvestre Preciosa Platanares, which is a protected area. <br/><br/>In 2006, the Crocodile Bay Public Limited Company started the process to acquire the construction permits and in 2008 they obtained the necessary environmental permits. <br/><br/>However, in 2013 Fundación Neotrópica and Conservación Osa, together with Alvaro Sagot, an environmental lawyer, filed a complaint with the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, arguing that the zoning management plan had been carried out by Crocodile Bay in 2004 and had been approved by the Osa local government and the Costa Rican Tourism Board without the approval of the Environment Ministry’s National Technical Secretariat to advantage the interest in the Marina building. <br/><br/>Apart from challenging the Crocodile Bay Marina Project, the civil society group also opposes a marina draft law that would favor private interest in Costa Rica’s coastal areas.<br/><br/>The construction of the project has been brought to a halt and currently awaits the final court decision. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Crocodile Bay Resort and Marina, Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/costa-rica">Costa Rica</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Puntarenas </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Golfito, Puerto Jiménez</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Tourism Recreation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)<br /> Wetlands and coastal zone management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a><br /><a href='/commodity/water'>Water</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The overall tourism development plan includes:</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">- 84 luxury villa<br/><br/>-gas station<br/><br/>-a parking lot<br/><br/>- “Waterfront Marina Village” that will include shops and restaurants.<br/><br/>-In addition Crocodile Bay wants to build two hotels: El Ceibo in a 86,000 m2 construction area, 30 buildings, 270 rooms, 6 pools and 2 tennis courts. And Las Rosas located within the maritime zone, have 10,000 m2 of construction, 26 buildings and 104 rooms. <br/><br/>The dimensions of the project are 750m along the coast, by 570m offshore<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>50,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>40,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>01/08/2006</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/bahia-cocodrilo-s-a'>Bahía Cocodrilo S. A.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a> - <small>owner </small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Commission of Tourist Marinas (CIMAT),Costa Rican Tourism Board (ICT) Environment Ministry’s National Technical Secretariat (SETENA), Environmental Ministry, Energie and Telecommunications (MINAET),Procuraduría General de la República (PGR)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología de la Universidad de Costa Rica (Cimar),Frente por el Golfo Dulce, Fundación Neotrópica (FN), Frente Nacional por la Protección de los Humedales, Conservación Osa, Fundacion MarViva, Asociación de Desarrollo Integral de Puerto Jiménez,</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Fishermen<br /> Informal workers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>direct destruction to mangroves and marine ecosystems,noise pollution to marine species, </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>significant increase in tourists that threatens local culture, direct affectation to artisanal fishermen, increases in property taxes and the cost of life produced by real estate speculation, increased in water demand. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (undecided)<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> Project temporarily suspended</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-Another way of tourism : ecological and community based tourism. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project is temporarily suspended and the complaint made by Fundación Neotrópica and Conservación Osa arguing that the zoning management plan was illegal was victory for the environmental justice. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Expediente administrativo, Bahia Cocodrilo. Expediente Num D1-595- 2006 de SETENA<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.osapower.com/setena.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ley Organica del Ambiente<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.oas.org/dsd/fida/laws/legislation/costa_rica/costa_rica_7554.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Constitucion Politica de Costa Rica<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.asamblea.go.cr/centro_de_informacion/biblioteca/Paginas/Constituci%C3%B3n%20Pol%C3%ADtica%20de%20Costa%20Rica.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ley de Marinas y Atracaderos Turísticos N. 7774<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Reporte Final del Monitoreo de Especies Marinas en el Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica, Enero - Febrero 2010<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://osaconservation.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Reporte-Final-del-Monitoreo-de-Especies-Marinas-en-el-Golfo-Dulce.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Revista Ambientico (2013). Soportaría el Golfo Dulce una marina?<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ambientico.una.ac.cr/pdfs/ambientico/235.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Fundacion Neotropica y Stanford Woods (2019). Conciliando productivamente : identificacion de actividades viables de produccion sostenible para los pobladores /as de la Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://inogo.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/Reserva%20Forestal%20Golfo%20Dulce%20Opciones%20productivas%20Julio%202013.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Ambiente Critico, Digital El Paias. El Proyecto de Marina del “Crocodile Bay Resort” en el Golfo Dulce<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.elpais.cr/frontend/noticia_detalle/3/72543" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Tico Times (2013) Environmentalists continue fight against Crocodile Bay marina:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ticotimes.net/2013/04/17/environmentalists-continue-fight-against-crocodile-bay-marina" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> La Nacion (2012) Construcción de marina en golfo Dulce divide a Puerto Jiménez<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.nacion.com/nacional/comunidades/Construccion-Dulce-divide-Puerto-Jimenez_0_1298870226.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Vecinos y expertos dicen NO a marina y megaproyecto en Golfo Dulce<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.crhoy.com/vecinos-y-expertos-dicen-no-a-marina-y-megaproyecto-en-golfo-dulce/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> UCR, Kioscos Ambientales. Defensa de los Ecosistemas de la Region<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://kioscosambientales.ucr.ac.cr/documentos/Marina%20Osa/MARINA%20OSA.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Crocodile Bay Resort, the Marina village<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://thecostaricamarina.com/marina/marina-village/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Infomación general y características de la Marina Cocodrile Bay<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.soldeosa.com/editorial/volantecocodrilo.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> El Financiero (2013) Marinas turísticas no logran levantar ánimo de inversionistas<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.elfinancierocr.com/negocios/marinas_turisticas-proyectos-cimat-ict_0_364163603.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Empresa que busca crear Marina en Golfo Dulce fue la encargada de hacer Plan Regulador de la zona<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.crhoy.com/empresa-que-busca-crear-marina-en-golfo-dulce-fue-la-encargada-de-hacer-plan-regulador-de-la-zona/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Campaña Marinas No, Comunidad Si<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://vimeo.com/45348617" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Avaaz petition<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://secure.avaaz.org/es/petition/Detener_la_construccion_de_la_Marina_y_Resort_Cocodrilo_en_el_Golfo_Dulce_Costa_Rica/?fnperdb&pv=9" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Era Verde, UCR. No a la marina de Puerto Jimenez, Golfo Dulce, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Parte I<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCIiaTqVgNs" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Era Verde, UCR. No a la marina de Puerto Jimenez, Golfo Dulce, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Parte II<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4wU1a_9eeD4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Site where the marina will be built</strong> Golfo Dulce, Puntarenas, Costa Rica<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/170812marina.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Grettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>26/11/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
Comments