Crucitas, Costa Rica

Description
El proyecto Crucitas se localiza en el distrito de Cutris, canton San Carlos, en la provincia de Alajuela en Costa Rica, en la frontera de Costa Rica y Nicaragua, en la cuenca del rio San Juan, lugar conocido por su rica biodiversidad (el lugar registra 130 especies de arboles por hectarea).
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Basic Data
NameCrucitas, Costa Rica
CountryCosta Rica
ProvinceAlajuela
SiteLas Crucitas
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesGold
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Mina a cielo abierto.
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Project Area (in hectares)200
Level of Investment (in USD)66000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1994
End Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesInfinito Gold Ltd. from Canada
Relevant government actorsGobierno de Costa Rica, Direccion de Geologia y Minas, Procuraduria General de la Republica, Corte Suprema de Justicia, Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo
International and Financial InstitutionsInternational Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) from United States of America
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFrente Nacional de Oposicion a la Mineria, Asociacion Preservacionista de Flora y Fauna Silvestre APREFLOFAS, Union Norte por la Vida, Coordinadora Ni Una Sola Mina, Frente Norte Contra la Mineria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Government of Nicaragua (neighbouring state)
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.El proyecto se encuentra detenido, luego de una larga secuencia de presionpopular que obligó al Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo a suspender el proyecto y levantar una investigacion en contra del

ex-presidente Oscar Arias. Hay que ver qué ocurre en 2014 con la pretensión de Infinito Gold de reclamar indemnización a Costa Rica en el Ciadi (Banco Mundial).
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Decreto Ejecutivo N 35982-MINAET, Moratoria en Mineria (reforma del
2010)

Decreto Ejecutivo 34801 MINAET (declara de interes publico el proyecto minero Las Crucitas, en Cutris de San Carlos)

References

Infinito Gold Ltd.
[click to view]

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
[click to view]

Fact Sheet Costa Rica, Crucitas EJOLT
[click to view]

Links

[click to view]

Sentencia del caso por la mina Crucitas
[click to view]

OCMAL
[click to view]

Entorno Inteligente
[click to view]

Media Links

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update03/05/2014
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