Cuajone-Toquepala, Ilo, Peru

Description
La Southern Peru Copper Corporation (SPCC) se instaló en los Departamentos de Tacna y Moquegua hace 50 años para explotar la minas de cobre de Cuajone y Toquepala. SPCC inició la explotación de estos yacimientos mineros, engañando a los agricultores, dirigentes, autoridades y a la población en su conjunto. La Southern pertenece a Grupo México. Su presidente, Germán Larrea, es el tercer multimillonario más rico de ese país.
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Basic Data
NameCuajone-Toquepala, Ilo, Peru
CountryPeru
ProvinceMoquegua-Tacna
SiteCandarave e Ilo
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Minas a cielo abierto Toquepala, 10Mt, de cobre extiende la vida útil de la mina a 50 años 1.950 lt/s. consumo de agua Cuajone 8,4Mt de cobre extiende la vida útil a 37 años Fundición y refinería en Ilo Planta de ácido sulfúrico 150 mil TM anuales La producción de cobre blister 300 mil Tm/año Se refinan 180 mil con una pureza del 99.99%.
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Level of Investment (in USD)900000000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population50000
Start Date1992
Company Names or State EnterprisesGrupo México
Southern Peru Copper Corporation (SPPC) from Mexico
Relevant government actorsMunicipalidad Provincial de Candarave, Municipalidad Provincial de Ilo, Ministerio de Energía y Minas
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersTribunal Internacional del Agua, Juntas de Usuarios de Riego de la Provincia de Candarave, Comités de Regantes de Cairani, Camilaca, Candarave, Huanuara, Quilahuani y Totora., Asociación Civil Labor
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Compensation
Deaths
Migration/displacement
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.La extracción de cobre en Cuajone y Toquepala está aumentando, la apropiación del agua también. Hubo mejoras para el tratamiento de la contaminación ambiental del aire en Ilo solamente.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Decreto ley 17752 Ley General de Aguas

References

Red Muqui
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL

Servindi

Periódico El Comercio

Pediódico La Primera

Red Muqui

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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