Cutting down of the Zlatibor park forest, Serbia

Despite opposition by the local civil association, Zlatibor park forest -consisted of pine trees aged from 50-100 years- was cut to give way to touristic infrastructure.


Description
Zlatibor forest is a park located in the center of a small town Zlatibor on the mountain Zlatibor in the south-west of Serbia. The park of 202 ha was planted one century ago as a part of the afforestation plan of the Zlatibor Mountain, and it mainly consisted of pine trees aged from 50-100 years. In 2011 the general regulation plan of the Municipality of Čajetina was modified and the land use of the park was changed from being a green zone to an area that allows urban development and construction of buildings. The Serbian Orthodox Church, in need of funds for finishing construction of the church and surrounding buildings, sold part of its land which coincided with the park. The Company Kalman DOO bought part of the land on which they constructed tourist facilities. The construction work included cutting down of more than 700 pine trees. A group of citizens formed the association “Save the Zlatibor forest” (Spasimo zlatiborsku šumu) to fight for the conservation of the park. The association contacted the Čajetina Municipal government, the environmental inspection, the ministry of forestry, the public forest management company and the national government to ask for information and express their stance against the project. The association appealed to change the municipality regulation plan, but without any results. By the beginning of 2016, the construction projects were completed.
Basic Data
NameCutting down of the Zlatibor park forest, Serbia
CountrySerbia
SiteZlatibor, Čajetina
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Urban development conflicts
Deforestation
Specific CommoditiesLand
Timber
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMore than 700 pine trees aged from 50-100 years were cut down.
Project Area (in hectares)202
Level of Investment (in USD)unknown
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Populationunknown
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesKalman DOO from Serbia - Project investor
Serbian Orthodox Church (Sprska Pravoslavna Crkva) (SPC ) from Serbia - Owner of the park land
Relevant government actorsThe Municipality of of Čajetina, The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management, The Serbian Environmental Inspection, The State Enterprise for Forest Management "Srbijašume"
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCivil association “Sačuvajmo zlatiborsku šumu”: http://zlatiborskasuma.blogspot.com/p/kontakt.html
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Soil erosion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNo changes were made in the municipal plan as demanded.
Development of AlternativesThe association “Save the Zlatibor forest” required changes in the Čajetina municipality regulation plan that would include halting the cutting down of the Zlatibor forest.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The construction projects are ongoing and the Čajetina municipality regulation plan has not been changed as demanded by the activists.
Sources and Materials
Links

Unistavaju sume, nicu gradilista
[click to view]

On line petition (English)
[click to view]

A gde je suma?
[click to view]

Testerama unistavaju blago zlatibora
[click to view]

Nastavljena seca sume na Zlatiboru
[click to view]

Map with details (English)
[click to view]

Zlatiborska suma Blog
[click to view]

Media Links

Unistavanje parka prirode na Zlatiboru
[click to view]

Mere za očuvanje prirode na Zlatiboru
[click to view]

Documentary movie by RTS – Eko Karavan – Zlatiborska suma (Serbian)
[click to view]

Documentary movie by Udruzenje gradjana ‘Sacuvajmo zlatiborsku sumu’ (Serbian)
[click to view]

Eko-karavan: A gde je šuma? - Posečena!
[click to view]

Other Documents

Cutting of Zlatibor forest The pine tree forest is on the way of tourism development and church interests. The picture shows cutting pine trees in June 2012.
[click to view]

New church The funding for the new church is provided from selling the land that was under the pine tree forest.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update05/05/2016
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