Dai Ninh Hydropower Project, Dong Nai River, Vietnam

In spite of serious concerns regarding resettlement issues, the Dai Ninh Hydropower Project moved forward. While the produced electricity benefits Vietnamese growing urban areas, social and environmental costs are largely carried by ethnic minorities.

In order to serve the country’s growing demand for electricity, the government has planned and established a series of hydroelectric projects along Vietnam’s rivers. Among these projects is the 300MW Dai Ninh Hydro Plant, located on the Dong Nai River, a main tributary of the Saigon River. In spite of serious concerns regarding the dam’s impact on people and the environment, the project moved forward and was commissioned in 2008 [1;2].
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Basic Data
NameDai Ninh Hydropower Project, Dong Nai River, Vietnam
ProvinceBinh Thuan Province
SiteHam Thuan Bac District
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The Dai Ninh hydroelectric plant has an installed capacity of 300MW, provided by two turbines of 150 MW each. Annual electricity production was reported to amount to 1.2 billion kWh per year. It is a multipurpose project that also provides irrigation infrastructure to the surrounding areas [1].
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Project Area (in hectares)2,000
Level of Investment (in USD)440,000,000 USD
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population14,000 resettled, tens of thousands negatively affected downstream
Start Date01/1995
Company Names or State EnterprisesThe Electricity of Vietnam Group (EVN) from Vietnam
Vietnam Power Investigation and Design Company No.2 (PIDC 2) (PIDC 2) from Vietnam - consultancy, engingeering
Lotti & Associati S.P.A from Italy
SNC-Lavalin from Canada - engineering, consultancy, construction
Toshiba from Japan
Nippon Koei from Japan - consultancy, engineering
J-Power / Electric Power Development Corporation (EPDC) from Japan - energy industry
Hazama Ando Corporation from Japan - construction
Song Da Corporation from Vietnam - construction
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)

Government of Vietnam
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB)
Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) from Japan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInternational Rivers

Probe International
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Ethnic minorities K'ho, Churu; Chil; Cham, and Raglai
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Other Environmental impacts
OtherPotential increases of water-borne diseases
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project goes on.
Sources and Materials

[1] Power-technology.com online. "Dai Ninh Hydro Plant, Vietnam" (accessed 15/7/2015)
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[2] International Rivers, 2001 (online): "Planned Dams in Vietnam" (accessed 15/7/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Probe International (15/10/2008): "Rethinking Japanese ODA in Vietnam's electricity industry " (accessed 15/7/2015)
[click to view]

Other Documents

[3] World Bank 1995. Document on the Viet Nam-Dai Ninh Hydro Power Project Source: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1997/09/05/000009265_3971229181727/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
[click to view]

Dai Ninh dam Source: https://ssl.panoramio.com/photo/38906870
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Meta Information
ContributorA. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB)
Last update16/07/2015