Daule Peripa hydropower dam, Ecuador

Description
The Daule Peripa dam was one of the main components of the Jaime Rolds Aguilera multi-purpose project, the largest and most complex infrastructure project built in Ecuador in the last forty years. It was located on the Daule river, a sub-basin of the Guayas river basin in the Ecuadorian Coast. It started functioning in 1988 and caused huge environmental and social impacts both upstream and downstream. The reservoir flooded one of the countrys most fertile areas, which used to be almost entirely devoted to agricultural production for local markets. As a consequence of that, many communities were displaced and some 50,000 were isolated inside dozens of water fringes of the reservoir. These latter communities still live there in conditions of extreme poverty. They started a process of organization in 2004 to demand from the Ecuadorian government redress for the damages suffered
Basic Data
NameDaule Peripa hydropower dam, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceGuayaquil
SiteLa Manga del Cura, Los Rios, Pichincha, Guayas, Manab
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Installed capacity of 213 MW yet generates an average of only 80 MW. The dam is 90 meters high and has a water capacity of 6 billion cubic meters.
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Project Area (in hectares)30000
Level of Investment (in USD)94388100
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population50,000 inhabitants
Start Date1982
Company Names or State EnterprisesUnion Fenosa from Spain
Agroman from Spain - construction company
Ansaldo Gie SpA, from Italy
Impresit from Italy
Girola from Italy
Lodigiani from Italy
Sacyr from Spain
Icis Impresa Costruzioni from Italy
Idrauliche Stradali SpA from Italy
Equidor SA from Italy - contract to construct the Marcel Laniado De Wind hydropower plant
Relevant government actorsComision de Estudios para el Desarrollo de la Cuenca del Rio Guayas-CEDEGE , The Ecuadorian government, Ecuadors Public Debt Audit Commission (Comisin para la Auditora Integral del Crdito Pblico, CAIC)
International and Financial InstitutionsInter-American Development Bank (IADB)
CorporaciĆ³n Andina de Fomento (CAF) from Venezuela
World Bank (WB)
Italian Development Funds from Italy
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFIAN international, Accion Ecolgica, Asociacion Mundial Derecho Ambiental, Instituto de Derecho Ambiental de Mexico, Alianza Mundial de Derecho Ambiental
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
The case was reviewed in the Public Debt Audit commission set up by President Correa in 2008.
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite large environmental and social impacts, the government has not acknowledged them. The project was planned and approved without meaningful public input and local consent and still now these people are totally abandoned.
Sources and Materials
References

Chum Kuffo, Alfredo y Germn Jcome. 2006. La lucha por el agua de las comunidades ribereas de la cuenca del ro Guayas. FIAN Informe R 2.

FIAN. 2009. Justicia en Daule Peripa. Evidencias sociales y ambientales establecidas por la auditoria a la CEDEGE desde una perspectiva de derechos humanos. Documento de discusin. FIAN. Ecuador.

Macas, Mario. s/f. Abandono y olvido para los afectados por la construccin de la represa Daule Peripa. El derecho a la alimentacin. Fian Ecuador.

Corral, Luis. 2006. Sembrando Desiertos. La Deuda Social y Ecolgica generada por el endeudamiento externo en el Projecto de Propsito Mltiple Jaime Roldos Aguilera, Quito,

Ecuador.

Gerebizza, Elena. 2009. El proyecto Daule Peripa. Las responsabilidades italianas en la deuda ilegtima de Ecuador. Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale.

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorSara Latorre
Last update08/04/2014
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