Dayuma Oil extraction, Ecuador

Description

In this area there are 47 oil wells and three oil platforms belonging to the Ecuadorian oil company. Oil production has been the leading economic activity since the 1970s onwards in Ecuador. It has been concentrated mainly in the northern Amazonian provinces (Sucumbios and Orellana) which have experienced severe environmental degradation and processes of impoverishment. Within this context, local inhabitants have been mobilizing and demanding fairer distribution of oil resources for a long time ago. In 2005 the Ecuadorian government signed an agreement in which it committed itself to improve the highway network infrastructure in the province of Orellana. Yet up to 2007 the government did not undertake any action regarding this issue. As a consequence of that, in November 2007 the population of the parish of Dayuma went on strike. They blocked the Aucas oil street which in turn caused the interruption of Petroproduccions operations. In response to this situation the government declared a state of emergency in the Orellana province and ordered the military to take action in Dayuma. During its intervention the military committed severe violations of human rights such as physical torture and unjustified detentions.

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Basic Data
NameDayuma Oil extraction, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceOrellana
SiteDayuma
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn this area there are 47 oil wells and three oil platforms belonging to the Ecuadorian oil company.

Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesPetroproduccion from Ecuador
Relevant government actorsEcuadorian government, The President of the province of Orellana, Justice and Human Rights Ministry
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComisin Ecumenica de Derechos Humanos-CEDHU (The Ecumenical Human Rights Commission)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationSabotage
Strikes
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Ecuadorian Constitution

Ley de Seguridad Nacional (National Security Law)

References

CEDHU. 2007. Verde esperanza o verde Oliva? Derechos del Pueblo n 169. Comision Ecumenical de Derechos Humanos.

Meta Information
ContributorSara Latorre
Last update08/04/2014
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