Defence of Magdalena Teititipac against gold mining , Mexico

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In February 2013, among shouts of Viva Zapata!, hundreds of citizens, men and women of this Zapotec comunity decided in General Assembly to oust Compañia Minera Plata Real, Real Silver Mining Company, a subsidiary of Canadian Corporation Linear Gold of Canada or perhaps of Sunshine Silver of Denver, Colorado (USA).The move to peacefully evict the company came after a community assembly during which the majority of community members voted against the mining project and any kind of exploration in their territories. Magdalena Teitipac is a Zapotec community governed according to customary practices. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> We cannot affirm that it is a definitive triumph of the community, however the act of having the company take away its machines represents a significant advance in defense of the land, according to Neftalí Reyes Méndez, an activist with Alternative Education Services (Educa) in Oaxaca City. This was because the exploration works have caused serious pollution in the river and groundwater of the community, by the use of cyanide, arsenic and mercury. <br/><br/> Also the mining company conspired with local authorities to extend a new contract for five years and thus allow the development of more mining works without permission of the community. <br/><br/> The water pollution does not only affect Teitipac Magdalena because of the hills where they are drilling, also provide water to 5 communities more: Quialana San Bartolome, San Marcos Tlapazola, San Juan Guelavia, Santa Cruz Papalutla and San Juan Teitipac. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Defence of Magdalena Teititipac against gold mining , Mexico</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mexico">Mexico</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Oaxaca</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Magdalena Teitipac</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/gold'>Gold</a><br /><a href='/commodity/silver'>Silver</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">According to a report by the Ministry of Economy, the Directorate General of Mining Regulation granted the September 6, 2007 the grant entitled The Doctor to the company Silver Royal. The concession includes the exploration and exploitation of gold and silver in an area of †‹†‹9653 hectares of lands of Magdalena Teitipac, until September 5, 2057. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>9 653 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td> 4 368 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2013</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/linear-gold'>Linear Gold</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a><br /><a href='/company/sunshine-silver-mines'>Sunshine Silver Mines</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Main government actors: México's government/ Secretaría de medio ambiente y recursos naturales (SEMARNAT)/ SecretariÌa de EconomiÌa (SE)/ Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente (PROFEPA). Secondary actors: Servicio GeoloÌgico Mexi</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Comité para la Defensa de la Cultura e Integridad Territorial de Magdalena Teitipac (Oaxaca)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces<br /> The community issued an ultimatum to the company to go away</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Application of existing regulations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The community organization won against a transnational mining company. The project has been suspended, but that doesnt necessarily means that it was canceled. Even so, it is stopped!<br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente, LEGEPA, 2005 /Ley inversión extranjera, 2001/ Ley Minera, 2006 / Reglamento de la Ley de Inversión Extranjera, 1998 / The North American Free Trade Agreement, TLC, 1994/ Article 27 of Mexican Constitution/ Art. 169 OIT Agreement.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Research Group of Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia´s campus.& Joan Martinez Alier</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>