Derrame de petroleo en el campo de Frade, Brasil

In 2011 a spill of crude oil of great proportion was registered in the sea, following the rupture of a pipeline. At the moment, a criminal action is ongoing but Chevron still operates freely on Brazilian territory


Description

(Español y em Portugues, abajo) Campo de Frade, in Bacia de Campos dos Goytacazes, state of Rio de Janeiro, lies approximately 370 km (230 miles) northeast of the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro. As is generally known, in the year of 2011 a spill of crude oil of great proportion was registered in the sea, following the rupture of a pipeline in the Submersible Rig Sedco 706, property of Transocean Brasil Ltda. At the time of the events, Chevron Brasil Upstream Frade held a 51.74% interest in the exploration of Campo de Frade, operating in partnership with Frade Japão Petróleo Ltda. (18.26%) and with Petrobrás (30%)(1). The company acquired the right to operate in the above mentioned Campo by means of the Concession Agreement No. 48000.003896/97-20, signed with Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis (ANP – National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels, the national authority in charge of regulating the industry in Brazil).

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Basic Data
NameDerrame de petroleo en el campo de Frade, Brasil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceEstado de Rio de Janeiro
SiteBacia de Campos dos Goytacazes
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsChevron operates and holds a 51.7 percent interest in the Frade Field project. The field lies in a water depth of about 3,700 feet (1,128 m), approximately 230 miles (370 km) northeast of Rio de Janeiro, in the Campos Basin. Frade is a subsea development with wells tied back to a floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel. Following the resumption of production from four wells in 2013, production at the remaining six wells restarted in the second quarter of 2014. Net daily production in 2014 averaged 12,000 barrels of crude oil and 4 million cubic feet of natural gas.

(En español)Chevron opera y posee una participación de 51,7 por ciento en el proyecto Frade campo. El campo se encuentra en una profundidad de agua de aproximadamente 3.700 pies ( 1.128 m), aproximadamente 230 millas (370 kilómetros) al noreste de Río de Janeiro, en la Cuenca de Campos. Frade es un desarrollo submarino con pozos atadas de nuevo a una embarcación flotante de producción , almacenamiento y descarga ( FPSO ). Tras la reanudación de la producción a partir de cuatro pozos en el año 2013, la producción en los seis pozos restantes se reinició en el segundo trimestre de 2014. producción diaria neta en 2014 un promedio de 12.000 barriles de petróleo crudo y 4 millones de pies cúbicos de gas natural.

(Em Português) Chevron opera e detém uma participação de 51,7 por cento no projeto Frade campo . O campo situa-se numa profundidade de água de cerca de 3.700 pés ( 1.128 m) , a cerca de 230 milhas ( 370 km ) a nordeste do Rio de Janeiro, na Bacia de Campos. Frade é um desenvolvimento submarino com poços amarradas para trás a um navio flutuante de produção , armazenamento e descarga ( FPSO ) . Após a retomada da produção a partir de quatro poços em 2013 , a produção nos seis poços restantes reiniciado no segundo trimestre de 2014. produção diária Net em 2014 uma média de 12.000 barris de petróleo e 4 milhões de pés cúbicos de gás natural.
Project Area (in hectares)20 km2
Level of Investment (in USD)N/D
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected PopulationN/D
Start Date01/01/2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesFrade Japão Petróleo Ltda from Japan
Petróleo Brasileiro S.A (PETROBRAS) from Brazil
Chevron Brasil Upstream Frade from United States of America
Transocean from Switzerland
Chevron Corporation from United States of America
Relevant government actorsAgência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis

Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente y dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis

Empresa Brasil de Comunicação

Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersONG SkyTruth (http://skytruth.org/)

Greenpeace
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (undecided)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
Legislations

[21] Superior Tribunal de Justiça – AgRg in SLS 001639. Rapporteur Félix Fischer. Court's decision published on 02/10/2012

Links

[1] Chevron Brazil Web Site
[click to view]

[2] The calculation methodology applied was based on images received from the Satellite Remote Sensing AQUA
[click to view]

[9] Information retrieved from Agência Reuters, as published on November 17th, 2011
[click to view]

[15] ANP proíbe Chevron de perfurar no Brasil - valor.com.br - 23/11/2011
[click to view]

[19] [20]Caso Chevron: laudo da polícia tumultua o processo por negar crime ambiental - Jornal do Brasil - 12/07/2012
[click to view]

[24] Justiça encerra ação contra Transocean e Chevron por vazamento de petróleo na Bacia de Campos - Agencia Brasil - 1/10/2013
[click to view]

[25] The procedural consultation service of Justiça Federal (Federal Justice Court) of Rio de Janeiro was unavailable on the 11th of March 2016
[click to view]

[26] Ibama renova licença de operação para Chevron em Frade, na Bacia de Campos - ISTOE DINERO - 07/01/2016
[click to view]

[18]INVESTIGAÇÃO DO INCIDENTE DE VAZAMENTO

DE PETRÓLEO NO CAMPO DE FRADE

RELATÓRIO FINAL - PDF
[click to view]

[2] O serviço de consulta processual disponibilizado pela Justiça Federal do Rio de Janeiro estava indisponível em 11 de março de 2016.
[click to view]

[3] CHEVRON FOI INOCENTADA PELO ACIDENTE QUE VAZOU QUASE QUATRO MIL BARRIS DE PETRÓLEO NA BACIA DE CAMPOS
[click to view]

[4] Mancha de óleo em Campos diminui a 2 km², diz ANP
[click to view]

[6] Chevron identifica nova mancha de petróleo em Campos
[click to view]

[10] Idem
[click to view]

[11] Portaria nº 64, de 18 de Novembro de 2011, publicada no Diário Oficial da União de 24 de Novembro de 2011

[22] Retomada no Campo Frade - Empresa é autorizada a ativar mais poços
[click to view]

[23] MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO FEDERAL - Procuradoria da República no Estado do Rio de Janeiro - 20º Ofício - Meio Ambiente e Patrimônio Cultural
[click to view]

[7] Região do Campo de Frade tem novo vazamento, diz ANP
[click to view]

[14] Multas de até R$ 260 milhões para punir vazamento de óleo - globo.com - 21/11/2011
[click to view]

[16] Ministério Público Federal denuncia Chevron e Transocean por desastre ambiental na Bacia de Campos - 21/03/2012
[click to view]

[5] Chevron calcula que cerca de 382 mil litros de óleo vazaram na Bacia de Campos
[click to view]

[17] MPF/RJ pede indenização de R$ 20 bilhões a Chevron por danos ambientais
[click to view]

Media Links

Documentary Film by Leah Temper, "Corridors of Resistance: Stopping oil and gas pipelines"
[click to view]

Other Documents

campo de frade - Greenpeace
[click to view]

contamination - campo de frade
[click to view]

particular of contamination
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLozzi Francesco UDAPT (Unión de Afectados/as por las Operaciones de la Petrolera Texaco) - Manoela Carneiro Roland Felipe Fayer Mansoldo Lucas de Souza Oliveira (UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE JUIZ DE FORA )
Last update16/05/2016
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