Dhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India

Description

Maharashtra Government is taking up a major thermal power projects at Dhopave. This project is one of the initiative by the government to enhance the power generation capacity in the state to reach a target of zero power deficit [1] The 1600 mw Dhopave imported coal-based thermal power station is located in the Ratnagiri district in Konkan region of Maharashtra. The project is strategically located due to its proximity to the petrochemical and the fertilizer industry. The plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco).

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Basic Data
NameDhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceMaharastra
SiteVillage - Dhopave; District- Ratnagiri
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesCoal
Land
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco). After land acquisition, Mahagenco called for bids and handover the plant site to a private company. The company will build, own and operate the plant. Lanco Infratech Ltd, the diversified infrastructure company, has emerged as the lowest bidder for the 1,600 mw Dhopave coastal power plant. The total cost of setting up the power plant will be approximately Rs 8,500 crore and will include construction of a jetty, expected to cost up to Rs 500 crore. The jetty will be used to bring in imported coal for the power plant. Lanco will have to develop the project on build, own and operate basis from whom state generation company. MahaGenco will purchase the power for the procurer. The procurer in this case is the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MahaVitaran) [3].

Coal availability: 16.8 MTPA from captive coal block of Mahaguj colliery, Mahanadi coal field Coal Transport: By sea route up to jetty Water availability: 80 MCMPA from Koyna project tailrace water released in Vashishti river Employment Generation: Direct -1500 and Indirect - 3000 Discharge Pattern: Zero discharge during non-monsoon season Ash generation 5.712 MTPA: 100% fly ash utilization proposed within four years Maximum COC : 5 to 6 depending on dissolved solids Project cost : Rs.22,000 crores including cost of jetty [4]
Project Area (in hectares)593
Level of Investment (in USD)3,522,000,000: (Rs.22,000 crores)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesMaharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco) from India
Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MahaVitaran) from India
Lanco Infratech Ltd from India
Relevant government actorsMaharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority, State Environment Department, State Mining Department, Airport Authority of India, State Forest Department, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Maharashtra Maritime Board, Maharashtra Water Resources Department
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal Villagers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Objections to the EIA
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
New legislation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The locals have pitched the government for power from renewable sources of energy and are not willing to compromise on their environment and health for coal-based energy. The villagers claim that the Government’s earlier promises of setting up hospitals and schools for the locals when the ENRON plant was set up were never kept. With growing distrust towards the government, it is only understandable that any more arguments made in favor of jobs and social welfare from power plants is hardly ever true. Many are already suffering from Ratnagiri Gas And Power Pvt. Ltd. (RGPPL) through water and air pollution which is also impacting farming [2] Villagers fear that the hot water and coal ash, which would be spewed by the power plant, will destroy their fragile local ecosystem [5]
Sources and Materials
Legislations

NOTIFICATION UNDER SECTION 3(1) AND SECTION 3(2)(v) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986 AND RULE 5(3)(d) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) RULES, 1986 DECLARING COASTAL STRETCHES AS COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ) AND REGULATING ACTIVITIES IN THE CRZ.
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THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981
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Land acquisition and rehabilitation act (2013)
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References

Global Coal Risk Assessment : Data Analysis and Market Research
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Links

Maharashtra Power Generation Corporation limited

(Mahagenco)
[click to view]

[1] New power plants at Dhule, Ratnagiri
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[2] Dhopave stands up against coal
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[3] Lanco lowest bidder for Dhopave project
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[5] Dhopave thermal plant faces stiff opposition from villagers
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12-bengaluru.pdf
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Dhopave Coastal Power plans 3200 MW Thermal project in Dhopave
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[4] PRESENTATION ON PRESENT STATUS OF POWER PROJECTS IN WESTERN GHAT OF MAHARASHTRA

Dhopave Thermal Power Station (Mahagenco)

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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