Dhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Maharashtra Government is taking up a major thermal power projects at Dhopave. This project is one of the initiative by the government to enhance the power generation capacity in the state to reach a target of zero power deficit [1] The 1600 mw Dhopave imported coal-based thermal power station is located in the Ratnagiri district in Konkan region of Maharashtra. The project is strategically located due to its proximity to the petrochemical and the fertilizer industry. The plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The village where the proposed plant going to established has a small population of 2000 people. The area is rich in terms of its diverse culture of people. With the land acquisition being pursued with great vigor by the state Government, many are set to leave the village. The plant will affect 4 villages in the vicinity. Dhopave’s villagers became aware of the plant at a public hearing in 2007. Realizing the dangerous effects of coal ash and the hot water on the local ecosystem, the villagers sprung to action and took to protest against the power plant. Adopting various means to achieve their cause, the villagers made sure the state revenue department and other officials could not enter the village for any survey by laying down on the roads [2, 3]<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Dhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Maharastra </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Village - Dhopave; District- Ratnagiri</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Thermal power plants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco). After land acquisition, Mahagenco called for bids and handover the plant site to a private company. The company will build, own and operate the plant. Lanco Infratech Ltd, the diversified infrastructure company, has emerged as the lowest bidder for the 1,600 mw Dhopave coastal power plant. The total cost of setting up the power plant will be approximately Rs 8,500 crore and will include construction of a jetty, expected to cost up to Rs 500 crore. The jetty will be used to bring in imported coal for the power plant. Lanco will have to develop the project on build, own and operate basis from whom state generation company. MahaGenco will purchase the power for the procurer. The procurer in this case is the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MahaVitaran) [3]. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Coal availability: 16.8 MTPA from captive coal block of Mahaguj colliery, Mahanadi coal field Coal Transport: By sea route up to jetty Water availability: 80 MCMPA from Koyna project tailrace water released in Vashishti river Employment Generation: Direct -1500 and Indirect - 3000 Discharge Pattern: Zero discharge during non-monsoon season Ash generation 5.712 MTPA: 100% fly ash utilization proposed within four years Maximum COC : 5 to 6 depending on dissolved solids Project cost : Rs.22,000 crores including cost of jetty [4]<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>593</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>3,522,000,000: (Rs.22,000 crores)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>2000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/maharashtra-state-power-generation-company-ltd'>Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd <small>(Mahagenco)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a><br /><a href='/company/maharashtra-state-electricity-distribution-company-ltd'>Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd <small>(MahaVitaran)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a><br /><a href='/company/lanco-infratech-ltd'>Lanco Infratech Ltd</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Maharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority, State Environment Department, State Mining Department, Airport Authority of India, State Forest Department, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Maharashtra Maritime Board, Maharashtra Water Resources Department</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Local Villagers</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes<br /> Objections to the EIA</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Institutional changes<br /> New legislation<br /> Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The locals have pitched the government for power from renewable sources of energy and are not willing to compromise on their environment and health for coal-based energy. The villagers claim that the Government’s earlier promises of setting up hospitals and schools for the locals when the ENRON plant was set up were never kept. With growing distrust towards the government, it is only understandable that any more arguments made in favor of jobs and social welfare from power plants is hardly ever true. Many are already suffering from Ratnagiri Gas And Power Pvt. Ltd. (RGPPL) through water and air pollution which is also impacting farming [2] Villagers fear that the hot water and coal ash, which would be spewed by the power plant, will destroy their fragile local ecosystem [5]</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> NOTIFICATION UNDER SECTION 3(1) AND SECTION 3(2)(v) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986 AND RULE 5(3)(d) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) RULES, 1986 DECLARING COASTAL STRETCHES AS COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ) AND REGULATING ACTIVITIES IN THE CRZ.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://envfor.nic.in/legis/crz/crznew.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://envfor.nic.in/legis/air/air1.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Land acquisition and rehabilitation act (2013)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dolr.nic.in/dolr/downloads/pdfs/Act_Land_Acqusiition_2013.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Global Coal Risk Assessment : Data Analysis and Market Research<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pdf.wri.org/global_coal_risk_assessment.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Maharashtra Power Generation Corporation limited<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (Mahagenco)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Dhopave_Thermal_Power_Station_" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [1] New power plants at Dhule, Ratnagiri<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.sakaaltimes.com/sakaaltimesbeta/20100325/5608016718859767284.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [2] Dhopave stands up against coal<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://indiabeyondcoal.org/stories/dhopave-stands-up-against-coal/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] Lanco lowest bidder for Dhopave project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-lanco-lowest-bidder-for-dhopave-project-1232820" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [5] Dhopave thermal plant faces stiff opposition from villagers<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/government-and-policy/dhopave-thermal-plant-faces-stiff-opposition-from-villagers/article3469177.ece" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 12-bengaluru.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://moef.nic.in/downloads/public-information/Annexure" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mahagenco.in/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Dhopave Coastal Power plans 3200 MW Thermal project in Dhopave<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://thermalpower.industry-focus.net/maharashtra-thermal-projects/415-dhopave-coastal-power-plans-3200-mw-thermal-project-in-dhopave.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] PRESENTATION ON PRESENT STATUS OF POWER PROJECTS IN WESTERN GHAT OF MAHARASHTRA<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Dhopave Thermal Power Station (Mahagenco)<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>20/07/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>