Dimna reservoir, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India

Description
Jamshedpur town is located in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state. The city is the largest and the most populous agglomeration in the state and a major industrial zone in Eastern India. Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city of India and it was founded by Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. It is even known as Steel City, TataNagar or simply Tata.
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Basic Data
NameDimna reservoir, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceJharkhand
SiteTown-Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) DIstrict - East Singhbhum
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsDimna Lake was constructed and owned by TATA Steel. It covers about 5.5 square kilometers. Around 1,861 acres were acquired under the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 for the dam [2] The Lake is the only source of drinking water for Jamshedpur town. During the monsoon, the reservoir gets filled up in the rain water. In another time if the water fall below a certain level the water is pumped from Subarnarekha Dam in Chandil [3].
Project Area (in hectares)753
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000-20,000 (2,000 families)
Start Date1942
Company Names or State EnterprisesTata Steel from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Subarnarekha Multipurpose Project
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersJharkhand Mukti Vahini, Local Villagers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Jal Satyagraha, standing in water for 'insistence on truth by water'
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesThe protesters had a number of meetings since the land was acquired by the Tata Steel officers. The protestors have raised their demands time to time. Their demands include suitable compensation for their land. Also protestors are asking for the boating and fishing rights for the decedents of the affected families on the lake. Although the authorities have promised help, but their demand has not been fulfilled with repeated requests [2]

People whose land is not submerged in the lake but located at the periphery of the dam has the right to protect their land. They have asked the authorities for the compensation and if their demands are not met they have threatened that they will force the authorities to open the sluice gates when the water level goes beyond 520ft [3]
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The land losers are seeking suitable compensation and other livelihood options for example fishing or boating right in the lake. For the submerged land, protestors are asking for the demarcation of the land and suitable compensation or else they will protest every time if the water raise above the limit (520 ft) [2, 3].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

The Land Acquisition Act, 1894
[click to view]

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996(PESA)
[click to view]

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996(PESA)
[click to view]

Links

[2] Police brakes on Dimna stir - Displaced held near Tata centre gate
[click to view]

[3] Dimna Lake land measured - Demand to open sluice gates when water crosses 520ft
[click to view]

[1] Welcome to the website of Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand
[click to view]

[2] Police brakes on Dimna stir - Displaced held near Tata centre gate
[click to view]

[3] Dimna Lake land measured - Demand to open sluice gates when water crosses 520ft
[click to view]

Welcome to the website of Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand
[click to view]

Media Links

Dimna Dam Jal Satyaghara , झारखण्ड मुक्ति वाहिनी (tata, jamshedpur)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Activists of the NGO Jharkhand Mukti Vahini stage a day-long ‘Jal Satyagrah’ in Dimna Lake in Jamshedpur in support of their various demands Protest Against displacement
Source : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/protest-against-displacement/article5188131.ece
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update30/05/2014
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