Division Salvador - Bahia de Chañaral

Description
El proyecto Division Salvador, operado por la empresa estatal CODELCO, se realiza en la zona de la cordillera de Los Andes a 2.600 metros de altura, en el norte de la Region de Atacama, a una distancia de 1.100 km al norte de Santiago.
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Basic Data
NameDivision Salvador - Bahia de Chañaral
CountryChile
ProvinceAtacama
SiteEl Salvador
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Molibdeno
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
El problema son los pasivos ambientales, como controlar residuos en Bahia de Chañaral.
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Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1989
Company Names or State EnterprisesCODELCO from Chile
Relevant government actorsCorte Suprema de Justicia, Corporacion Nacional Forestal de Chile CONAF, Consejo Municipal de Chañaral, Servicio de Salud Atacama
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComite Ciudadano Medioambiental de Chañaral, Agrupacion Ecologica y Cultural CHADENATUR
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Genetic contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesLa remediación de los daños por residuos tóxicos. Hacer frente a los pasivos ambientales.(Payment for environmental liabilities).
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Aun cuando en años pasados el ex Presidente Ricardo Lagos afirmaba que se

habia terminado con la contaminacion de la Bahia, la poblacion no a

podido retomar su vida normal y la empresa no cumple con un plan

efectivo de remediacion. Subsisten los pasivos ambientales.
Sources and Materials
References

Periodico economico digital
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

La Muerte Gris de Chañaral�, Chadenatur, Diciembre de 2010

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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