Dobrich Landfill Site, Bulgaria


Local opposition has been formed to protest against the construction of a regional landfill near Stozher village. An official complaint letter has been sent to the government, the Ombudsman, other state and municipal institutions and the European Parliament Committee on Petitions.

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Basic Data
NameDobrich Landfill Site, Bulgaria
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe total project cost is some 20 million euro, over 80% of which come from European public funding thorugh the Operational Programme Environment. Land area to be used is ca.22 hectares. This will be sufficient for funding the landfilling 240 000 tonnes of household waste; recyclables sorting capacity of 40 000 tonnes/year; composting facility of 15 000 tonnes/year; hazardous waste storage of 255 tonnes/year; CandD waste treatment of 15 000 tonnes/year. The financial agreement for funds for construction of the landfill was signed by the Minister of Environment and the Mayor of Dobrich on 14 December 2012.

Project Area (in hectares)20
Level of Investment (in USD)26564100
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1500
Start Date10/2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesWaste management - Dobrich Region from Bulgaria - an association of municipalities for waste management on regional level.
Relevant government actorsDobrich Municipality, Dobrich Region, Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Varna, Ministry of Environment and Water, Managing authority of Operational Programme Environment 2007-2013
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInitiative Committee for the village of Stozher, Green Policy Institute, Za Zemiata
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Negotiated alternative solution
Development of AlternativesThe residents of Stozher insist that they should be financially compensated by the seven Municipalities whose waste will be collected in the landfill near their village. They want some amount of money to flow into their budget and to be used for the development of the village and the public welfare. Another request is that the concessioner of the landfill deducts 10 cents per ton of garbage that goes back to the village for development, 20% of workers hired for construction activities on site and the service staff after its construction to be only local people. Up to now an agreement has been reached for construction of an alternative road for the waste trucks. An additional request for exemption from tax on the garbage for Stozher inhabitants is still under review.

Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

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Meta Information
ContributorEvgenia Tasheva
Last update08/04/2014