DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant, Turkey

There is a plan for construction of a coal-fired power plant called “Steam and Energy Production Facility” in the central part of the city of Bursa. The Platform against Thermal Plant in DOSAB opposes the project.


Description
There is a plan for construction of a coal-fired power plant called “Steam and Energy Production Facility” in Demirtaş Organized Industrial District (Demirtaş Organize Sanayi Bölgesi, DOSAB) located at the central part of the city of Bursa. According to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) application file, the DOSAB Directorate was planning to establish a coal-fired power plant in the central Osmangazi District of Bursa to meet steam and energy needs of the DOSAB. Upon being informed about the DOSAB application to establish a coal-fired power plant at the city, many local and professional organizations including  “DOĞADER” (Nature Association, NGO) long active in environment-related activities, Bursa Bar Association,  TMMOB (Union of Chambers of Architects and Engineers), Bursa Chamber of Medicine, Burs Chamber of Pharmacists and other NGOs got together to set up a platform of solidarity. Shortly after, the "Platform against Thermal Plant in DOSAB" was established in October 2014 and opened up social media accounts on Facebook and Twitter. The platform soon had over 100 member organisations.  The platform immediately started with an action plan to raise awareness at local scale through reaching out to local associations, headmen of the local neighbourhoods, and managers of the residential sites. The platform has the major lines of arguments against the power plant. First, the plant, being very close to the city centre, will have negative health effects and will cause respiratory and cardio-vascular diseases due to airborne pollutants; second, it will contribute to the climate change; and third, it will pollute surface and ground water, which will then be used in irrigation of crops, and hence cause both a degradation in the soil quality and health risks.  The platform started its legal struggle on August 2015, after the approval of the first EIA report in July 2015 by the Ministry of Environment. Among the 27 plaintiffs, there were TMMOB, Bursa Bar Association, Bursa Chamber of Pharmacists, DOĞADER, Ekoloji Kolektifi (Ecology Collective). The group appealed for stay of execution first and then the cancellation of the Ministerial decision considering the EIA report as positive.  The Association of Public Health of Turkey and Turkish Thorax Society decided to join the case as interested parties. Evaluating the report, the court decided unanimously on March 2016, for the stay of execution of the project considering the gaps and breaches found in the EIA report and the possibly irremediable damage for all parties and the city.  Shortly after the court decision, the DOSAB Directorate filed another EIA report for evaluation in July 2016 and the mobilisations are still on going. 
Basic Data
NameDOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant, Turkey
CountryTurkey
ProvinceBursa
SiteBursa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Manufacturing activities
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe DOSAB Steam and Energy Production Facility (374 MWt) would be established and operated on an area of 77,682 m2 with 18,279 m2 of core area and 59,402 m2 of technical infrastructure area. The DOSAB Facility was planned to comprise two units of fluidized bed boilers and the facility would have the steam capacity of 390 tons/hour. The DOSAB Facility would burn 524.000 tons of coal a year.
Level of Investment (in USD)150,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population500,000 - 1,000,000
Start Date06/2014
Company Names or State Enterprises Demirtaş Organized Industrial District (DOSAB) from Turkey - Owner
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Environment and Urbanisation,

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Platform against Thermal Plant in DOSAB

The platform has over 100 members including, DOĞADER (Nature Association), Bursa Bar Association, Union of Chambers of Architects and Engineers (TMMOB), Bursa Chamber of Medicine, Bursa Chamber of Pharmacists and many others.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Industrial workers
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Otherrespiratory and cardio-vascular diseases due to airborne pollutants
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesThe plans for the thermal power plant should be cancelled. Furthermore, the industrial district which is at the hearth of the city should be moved to outside of the city limits.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although the movement successfully cancelled the first EIA report, the company seems not to let go their plans by filing another EIA report. The conflict is still on going.
Sources and Materials
Media Links

Promotion video of the thermal power plant, prepared by the DOSAB.
[click to view]

Video documenting the mobilisations against the plant, prepared by the Anti-DOSAB platform
[click to view]

The Platform's facebook page
[click to view]

Other Documents

DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant Photo from press meeting
[click to view]

DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant Photo from platform meeting
[click to view]

DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant Photo from press meeting
[click to view]

DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant Photo from street protests
[click to view]

DOSAB Lignite Fired Power Plant info sheet Info sheet in english prepared by the platform after the court success in March 2016
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCem İskender Aydın
Last update02/01/2017
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