Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport MIHAN Project, MH, India

Description
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, also known as Sonegaon Airport, is the airport located in Nagpur, Maharashtra. It handles over a million passengers, 14,500 aircraft movements and handles 9,000 tons of cargo per year. Looking at the increasing passenger and economic prospect of the region, an expansion plan on a total area of about 1,295 hectares was proposed [1] in 2005 by the Government of Maharashtra. It is part of Multi-modal International Hub Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN), as a major international passenger and cargo hub. A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been developed along with the airport.
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Basic Data
NameDr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport MIHAN Project, MH, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceMaharashtra
SiteVillage: Shivangaon, Sonegaon; Nagpur
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSonegaon Airport handles over a million passengers, 14,500 aircraft movements and handles 9,000 tons of cargo per year. Looking at the increasing passenger and economic prospect of the region, an expansion plan on a total area of about 1,295 hectares was proposed [1]. It is part of Multi-modal International Hub Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN). A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been developed along with the airport. The project is being executed by Mihan India Ltd (MIL), a joint venture of Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MDAC) and Airports Authority of India (AAI) [1, 4]
Project Area (in hectares)4,354
Level of Investment (in USD)$ 115,630,285.56 (Rs7billion)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population50,000-60,000
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesMihan India Ltd (MIHAN) from India - Executor
Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) from India - Joint Venture, Executor
Airport Authority of India (AAI) from India
Kirloskar Consultants Limited from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Nagarjuna Construction Limited (NCC) from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
SPAN Consultants from Netherlands - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
PBA Sadbhav Joint Venture, from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Consulting Engineers Group Ltd. - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Afcons Infrastructure Limited from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
PBA Infrastructure from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Mott MacDonald from India
Jyoti Structures Limited from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Larsen & Toubro (ECC Division) (L&T) from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Shapoorji Pallonji & Company Limited from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Prasad Associates from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Yeses Infrastructure from India - Lead Contractors, Designers, Architects and Engineers
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Maharashtra

Government of India

Indian Army

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal Villagers

Transnational Institute (http://www.tni.org/)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Hunger strikes and self immolation
They adopted a unique form of protest, in 2007 all adult male shaved their heads. Then about 90 women also shaved their head. (According to the report by Praful Bidwai in http://www.tni.org/article/case-against-nagpur-airport-project) This is an extraordinary move signifying the distress of widowhood in a traditional Hindu family [1].

In January 2008, displaced farmers gathered in large numbers along with their cattle, demanding rehabilitation. They protested along with their cattle because cattle are their only source of livelihood (Source: http://www.andhranews.net/India/2008/January/11-Displaced-Nagpur-farmers-29335.asp#ixzz3BTsYXftD)
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Land demarcation
Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesNagpur is a small city comparative to other Indian cities. It is estimated that Nagpur’s traffic is about half the level of Guwahati, Goa or Jaipur. So it is quite irrational to increase the Airport’s passenger and cargo handling capacity. It is also speculated that the airport will not be a profitable project. The people are questioning the government’s motive in putting stress on such an irrational project. They are determined to resist any expansion plan and even plan to commit suicide if the project is not stopped [1].
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.According to villagers, MIHAN started construction even the environmental clearance was pending. The company started land acquisition process without any necessary clearances from the government [1].

The project will eliminate several villages and render their people landless. They are depended on agricultural and cattle products. There is not proper rehabilitation or compensation package offered. Some people of the affected villages are willing to sell their land, but at market value, so that they can find alternative plots to earn a livelihood. The government offered very small amount below the present market for the willing farmers [1].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Land Acquisition Act 1894
[click to view]

Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
[click to view]

Links

[2] Nagpur farmers protest air cargo hub
[click to view]

[3] Displaced Nagpur farmers protest against Maharashtra Government
[click to view]

[4] Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport MIHAN Project, Nagpur, India
[click to view]

[5] Pune, Nagpur airport projects stuck over land acquisition
[click to view]

Nagpur cargo hub plan drives villagers desparate
[click to view]

[1] Case Against Nagpur Airport Project
[click to view]

Media Links

PMO clears 3 airports in Maharashtra at Navi Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur
[click to view]

Other Documents

A farmer who committed suicide after his land was acquired. Photo shows his wife and daughter Source : http://indiatogether.org/2-economy
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update26/08/2014
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