Dunas de Putú, Chile

Description
Las Dunas de Putú se ubican a 22 kms al norte de Constitución en la Region del mismo nombre. Abarcan 38 kms de largo en su totalidad a lo largo de la playa, las dunas son una barrera natural que separa al pueblo del mar, evitan las catastrofes si hay terremotos y tsunamis.
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Basic Data
NameDunas de Putú, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceConcepcion
SitePutú
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Establishment of reserves/national parks
Mineral ore exploration
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific CommoditiesLithium
Iron ore
Titanium ores
Vanadio
Project Details and Actors
Project Details823 millones ton. de arena de hierro y otros metales
Project Area (in hectares)1200
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesAconcagua S.A from Chile
South American Iron & Steel from Australia
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Educacion, Subsecretaria regional del Medio Ambiente del Maule, Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales, Intendencia de la Region del Maule, Municipio de Constitucion, Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria , Diputados de la UDI Pedro Pablo Álvarez-Salamanca, Iván Norambuena, Sergio Bobadilla, Nino Baltolu y Enrique Estay, Alcalde de Constitución, Carlos Valenzuel, Diputado Pablo Lorenzini
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAgrupacion por la Proteccion de los Recursos Naturales del Maule Norte (APRO Maule Norte), Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Agrupación de Defensa y Conservación de Maule Mataquito (ADEMA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Conservationists
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Proposal to declare the Dunas de Putú a Nature Sanctuary
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
OtherDestruction of dunes
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesLa alternativa es la Declaración de Santuario de la Naturaleza de las Dunas de Putú, a 20 km. de Constitución en la Región del Maule, que son un atractivo turístico, lugar amenazado con la aprobación de un proyecto minero de la empresa australiana South American Iron & Steel, a través de su filial nacional Empresa Aconcagua S.A, producto de la concesión conseguida el 2010, que pretende extraer grandes cantidades de minerales que se encuentra en el subsuelo de las Dunas.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.La aprobacion del proyecto se mantiene a la espera tanto como la resistencia de la comunidad. Intentos de declaración de Santuario de la Naturaleza.

El 6 de agosto 2013, la Corte de Apelaciones de Talca admitió un recurso de protección en contra del proyecto y emitió una orden de no innovar, ordenando que se paralizaran las faenas prospectivas en la zona.
Sources and Materials
References

Cámara de Diputados de Chile

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Periodico digital El Dinamo, Enero 2011

Web La revista del todo

terreno, Mayo 2011

Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion

Web El Amaule

Web El Maucho

La Tercera

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez, JMA y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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