Ecoamerica SAC failed agriculture project in San Martin, Peru

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In 2006 the South Korean company Ecoamerica asked the Peruvian Organismo de Formalización de la Propiedad Informal (COFOPRI) for over 72,000 ha at $.80 an acre. The agency didn't respond to the request, so in 2010 the corporation sued COFOPRI and Superintendencia Nacional de Registros Públicos (SUNARP) de Loreto, citing 'administrative silence'. Administrative battles raged above the heads of the local people, who only heard of the prospective land deal in 2010. Two Shawi communities and one Kechwa community from the district of Pongo de Caynarachi, in the province of Lamas, and the district of Papaplaya, in the province and region of San Martin, Peru and their federation of tribes adamantly opposed the corporation's actions in their land. Although the communities have no official land titles, the land is definitively within ancestral areas and the intended crop production, logging, and livestock operation would severely negatively impact their livelihoods. The communities contested the concession by writing official letters, sending petitions, and holding meetings. In 2011 the Constitutional Court ruled against Ecoamerica, but not before 400 ha was deforested without land titles. The company Ecoamerica SAC is currently listed as 'closed'. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Ecoamerica SAC failed agriculture project in San Martin, Peru</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/peru">Peru</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>San Martin Province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>district of Pongo de Caynarachi, in the province of Lamas, and the district of Papaplaya, in the province and region of San Martin</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Deforestation<br /> Logging and non timber extraction<br /> Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /><a href='/commodity/live-animals'>Live Animals</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">ha in tribal lands in Peru at $.80 an acre. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>72,654</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>57,600,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/ecoamerica-sac'>EcoAmerica SAC</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Peru: Commission for the Formalization of Informal Ownership , Constitutional Court</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>World Rainforest Movement (WRM), La Federación Indígena del Pueblo Shawi de San Martín</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Through judicial action and continual pressure by tribal leaders and local communities, the constitutional court rejected ECOAMERICA SAC’s claim to the lands, and the company subsequently closed operations. Additionally, this case is used as an example to strengthen the fight for indigenous land rights in the region. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> , 'Peru: Land grabbing in indigenous peoples' territories'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="Farmlandgrab.org" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://farmlandgrab.org/post/view/18688" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Oficina de Imagen Institucional Corte Superior de Justicia de San Martín, 'Declaran Improcedente Demanda Interpuesta por Empresa ECOAMERICA SAC'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.chs-peru.com/reporte15/upload/archivos/archivo2_595.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Dario Ahoria, 'TC declaró improcedente demanda de Ecoamérica'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://diarioahora.pe/portal/noticias-san-martin/24-yurimaguas/8982-tc-declaro-improcedente-demanda-de-ecoamerica" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://servindi.org/actualidad/72618" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> , 'Perú: Comunidades Shawi asentadas en San Martín demandan tierra segura'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="Servindi.org" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>0</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Aliza Tuttle</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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