Enchroachment on Mau Forests Complex, Kenya

Description
The Mau Forest Complex is the largest remaining true forest in Kenya. It is the source of water for the farmlands of western Kenya and the vast drylands of northwestern Kenya. It supports the livelihood of millions of people, and the most famous wildlife parks in the world including Masai Mara National Reserve. Degazettement of forest reserves and continuous widespread encroachments have led to the destruction of over 107,000 ha over the last two decades, representing over 25 percent of the Mau. The government of Kenya under previous regimes did so much to exacerbate the forest's destruction by handing out land for votes in the run up to multiparty elections, making the conflict more political than environmental.
See more...
Basic Data
NameEnchroachment on Mau Forests Complex, Kenya
CountryKenya
ProvinceRift Valley
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Other
Specific CommoditiesLand
Indigenous Forests
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)40,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1,000,000
Relevant government actorsKenya Forest Service; Kenya Wildlife Service;Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development; Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources; Department for Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB)
US Agency for International Development (USAID)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRhino Ark; African Wildlife Foundation ; Nature Kenya; Kenya Forest Working Group; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); Ewaso Ngiro South Development Authority (ENSDA) and the East African Wild Life Society
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
OtherReduced volume of Rivers as a result of deforestation.

Increased siltation of rivers and lakes as a result of deforestation and cultivation in the upper catchment.
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of AlternativesAn effective management structure to stop any further degradation in the Mau Forests Complex through;

Providing for the relocation of the people currently residing in the forests;

The restoration of all degraded forests and critical water catchment areas in the Mau Forests Complex; and Mobilizing resources to implement the above mentioned objectives and secure the sustainability of the entire ecosystem.

Immediate livelihood support is also critical for the families relocated from the Mau Forests Complex.

Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Though the government through Kenya Forest Service and Kenya Wildlife Service as well as several NGOs have been implementing programmes aimed at restoring the Mau, conservationists have expressed the challenge of lack of political will.

Politicians have always interfered with restoration efforts by giving away land in return for votes and making eviction of people who have settled in the forest and land grabbers difficult.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Forest Act; Wildlife Conservation and Management Act; National Environmental Management Act; Land Act; National Land Policy

Links

[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014
Comments