Eucalyptus plantation in Soriano department, Uruguay

Description

In 2009 the Finnish-Swedish Stora Enso and the Chilean company Arauco bought the Spanish company Ence that was operating in the forestry business in Uruguay.

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Basic Data
NameEucalyptus plantation in Soriano department, Uruguay
CountryUruguay
ProvinceSoriano Department
SiteCierro Alegre
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Agro-toxics
Specific CommoditiesCellulose

Eucalyptus
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailshectareas of land owned by MPD already planted with eualyptus monocultures million tonns pulp mill being built by MDP
Project Area (in hectares)30000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesMontes del Plata from Uruguay
Arauco from Chile
Stora Enso from Sweden
Relevant government actorsLocal government, Ministry of Environment, OSE - Obras Sanitarias del Estado
International and Financial InstitutionsInter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Finnvera, Finnish Export Credit from Finland
Swedish Export Credit from Sweden
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGuayubira Group, www.guayubira.org.uy, World Rainforest Movement, www.wrm.org.uy
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The plantation fields are already there and there seems to be no plans for recovering depleted water sources
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Forestry law

Environmental impact assesment law

The Constitution of the Republic of Uruguay, 1967, last amended in 2004, confirms in Article 47 that access to drinking water and access to

sanitation constitute fundamental human rights.

Links

Monte del Plata
[click to view]

Servicio de Prensa Forestal
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014
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