Eucalyptus producer Portucel Group, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The Portucel group acquired 173,000 hectares of land for a eucalyptus plantation project that will culminate with the building of a paper mill in the province of Zambezia. Further holdings in the province of Manica are also available. Portucel has destroyed local farmers houses, under pretext of have been granted land by the Council of Ministers of Mozambique. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Eucalyptus producer Portucel Group, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Zambezia and Manica</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/cellulose'>Cellulose</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/eucalyptus'>Eucalyptus</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Portucel is a large paper producing firm in Portugal. It adquired land for eucalyptus in Zambezia province (173 000 ha) and in 2011 it acquired a Land Use Permit for an additional area of 182,886 hectares in Manica Province, issued by the Mozambican government (Council of Ministers Resolution of 19 December 2011). This new permit was granted under the agreement between the Portucel Group and the Mozambican government in 2008, under which land use rights had already been granted for an area of 173,327 hectares in Zambezia Province. The Group now has at its disposal a total area of approximately 360,000 hectares for eucalyptus plantations and for commercial farming. Total investment including factories would be nearly 3000 million euros in 15 years. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The Groups sales are made to more than 100 countries in five continents, with Europe and the United States as the two main destinations. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>173,000 - 182,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/portucel'>Portucel</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Justicia Ambiental (Environmental Justice, Friends of the Earth Mozambique)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Involvement of national and international NGOs</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The presence of Portucel in Zambezia is a threat to local sovereignty. The destruction of local vegetation and its replacement by eucalyptus monoculture destroys the local biodiversity. Moreover, it is known that the culture of eucalyptus consumes enormous amounts of water and destroy soils.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> On land grabbing in Mozambique,2011,<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/technology/mozambique/pics/d131619.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://opais.sapo.mz/index.php/economia/38-economia/3633-portucel-constroi-fabrica-de-papel-na-zambezia.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Boaventura Monjane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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