Exploración petrolera en Pozo exploratorio Lorito 1, río Humadea en Meta, Colombia

Description

El río Humadea se ubica en el departamento del Meta, piedemonte llanero. Esta zona recibe la humedad que desciende de la cordillera oriental y por eso es muy rica en aguas dulces subterráneas y superficiales, lo que permite que sea una reserva inmensa de acuíferos y zona de amortiguación de los páramos (y parques nacionales) de Chingaza y Sumapaz.

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Basic Data
NameExploración petrolera en Pozo exploratorio Lorito 1, río Humadea en Meta, Colombia
CountryColombia
ProvinceMeta
SiteGuamal, Castilla la Nueva
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsNo se tiene claridad sobre la producción que podría arrojar este pozo, pues la instalación que se pretende hacer es apenas de primera fase de exploración.
Project Area (in hectares)20,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population3,000 - 5,000
Start Date13/01/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesEcopetrol Corporate Group from Colombia
Relevant government actorsCORMACARENA, Secretaría de Medioambiente y asuntos Minero Energéticos de la Gobernación del Meta, Secretaría de turismo de la Gobernación del Meta, Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo del Departamento del Meta, Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Defensoría del Pueblo.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCorpohumadea , CENSAT Agua Viva, Humanidad Vigente.

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Boycotts of companies-products
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherImpactos y contaminacion en el balneario más importante de la región, conocido como el Centro Poblado Turístico de Humadea y alrededor del cual desarrollan su actividad económica cientos de familias.
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesLas comunidades exigen que se cancele la imposición del pozo Lorito 1, y que se re-evalúe la adjudicación del Bloque CPO9, por su posible afectación a la hidrodinámica del piedemonte llanero.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Aunque se ha fallado a favor de las comunidades y en defensa de los bienes naturales, se trata solamente de un pozo, sin tener en cuenta que el conflicto es de un contexto mayor que abarca todo el bloque CPO9.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Código de petróleos. Decreto extraordinario 1056 de 1953
[click to view]

Ley 10 de 1961, decreto reglamentario 1348 de 1961
[click to view]

Ley 20 de 1969, decreto reglamentario 1994 de 1989
[click to view]

Ley 97 de 1993
[click to view]

Decreto legislativo 2310 de 1974
[click to view]

Decreto 743 de 1975

Decreto 906 de 1991

Ley 99 de 1993
[click to view]

Decreto 1753 de 1994
[click to view]

resolución 655 de 1996
[click to view]

decreto 788 de 1999
[click to view]

decreto 1320 de 1998
[click to view]

Links

"Suspendidas actividades de exploración petrolera en Lorito 1 de Guamal (Meta)"
[click to view]

"¿Agua o Petróleo?"
[click to view]

Licencia Ambiental Lorito I
[click to view]

"Cien días completa plantón por Lorito 1 a pesar del calor y la lluvia"
[click to view]

"Édgar Cruz, denuncia pozo excavatorio "Lorito 1", cerca al río Humadea, Ecopetrol responde"
[click to view]

Media Links

"¿Agua o Petróleo? "
[click to view]

"Lorito Inundado"
[click to view]

"Protesta frenó daño ambiental en Lorito 1"
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCENSAT Agua Viva - Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Last update10/09/2014
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