Exploratory fracking in Arquetu, Cantabria, Spain


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In Cantabria there are applications to explore fracking possibilities since 2008. At the end of 2011, the Cantabrian governement approved the concession of exploratory fracking in Arquetu. This exploratory project will last for 6 years and will take place within a surface of 24,876 ha. It will affect the municipalities of San Vicente de la Barquera, Valdáliga, Rionansa, Tudanca, Udías, Cabezón de la Sal, Ruente, Cabuérniga and Los Tojos. During these years the exploratory fracking operations will consist of drilling wells, stimulating them via hydraulic fracture and doing production tests. Also since 2011, a very strong grassroots anti-fracking movements has emerged in Cantabria. It is organised through the assembly against hydraulic fracture. This movement has launched a public campaign against the expansion of fracking in Cantabria, spreading information and organising workshops, talks and meetings with citizens and Mayors; organising demonstrations and events to raise awareness about the potential both social and environmental consequences of fracking. As a result of this campaign, more than 30 municipalities have declared themselves against fracking. In April 2013, the Cantabrian regional Parliament banned fracking in its region. However, the concessions already given have not been revoked yet and this ban does not affect further exploratory fracking. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Exploratory fracking in Arquetu, Cantabria, Spain</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/spain">Spain</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Cantabria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Arquetu</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Shale gas fracking</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td>Shale-Gas</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">more than €134,331 invested. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>24786</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>17935553</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/trofagas-hidrocarburos-sl'>Trofagas Hidrocarburos, S.L</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/spain'><small>Spain</small></a> - <small> which is a subsidiady of BNK Petroleum Inc. BNK Petroleum Inc. (U.S.)</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Cantabrian regional governement, Spanish government</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Asamblea contra la Fractura Hidráulica de Cantabria: which is a plattform where many groups converge (Asamblea 15M Cabezón de la Sal, Agitación Rural, Asamblea 15M Torrelavega, Asamblea 15M Santander, Ecologistas en acción, ARCA, Democracia Real Ya, Regüelta and Asamblea contra el TAV)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> New legislation<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>ban fracking</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>On April 2013, stemming from a widespread opposition in the whole region, the Cantabrian goverment banned fracking. On february 2014, the cantabrian government cancelled the permits to frack in Arquetu and declares the fracking initiative that was intended to be performed there as 'illegal'. <br/><br/>However, on 24 June 2014, despite the widespread opposition, The Spanish Constitutional Court cancelled the Cantabrian fracking ban. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Ley 34/1998, de 7 de Octubre, del Sector de Hidrocarburos de España:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-1998-23284" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> website from asamblea contra la fractura hidráulica en Cantabria:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://fracturahidraulicano.info/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> newspaper article: Sevillano, E. (08/04/2013). Cantabria aprueba por unanimidad la ley que veta la polémica técnica del ‘fracking’. El Pais:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/04/08/actualidad/1365443283_986703.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> newspaper article: Viudez, J. (11/03/2013). España cuenta con recursos de gas no convencional para 39 años de consumo. El Pais:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/03/11/actualidad/1363007835_761341.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> flyer on fracking:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://fracturahidraulicano.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/tripticofracksin.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> newspaper article: Manrique, P. (30/10/2013). Conflicto de competencias para dar vía libre al fracking. Diagonal:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.diagonalperiodico.net/global/20457-conflicto-competencias-para-dar-via-libre-al-fracking.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Amaranta Herrero</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>25/08/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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