Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link, Germany - Denmark

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link is an immersed tunnel (in earlier design iterations, a bridge) that is proposed to connect the German island of Fehmarn with the Danish island of Lolland. This would cross over the Fehmarn Belt in the Baltic Sea – 18 km (11 mi) wide – hence providing a direct link by railroad and highway between northern Germany and Lolland, and thence to the Danish island of Zealand. Denmark and Germany signed the state treaty on the construction of the link. The Transport Minister appointed Femern A/S to plan and design the fixed link across the Fehmarn-belt. Currently the EIA is being submitted for public consultation. It is also remarkable that the European Union has designated this project as one of the 30 prioritised transport infrastructure projects (TEN-T). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Opponents have raised economical, environmental and social reasons to oppose the project. They say it is extremely expensive and that the traffic forecasts have been overestimated, hence provoking an underuse of the available infrastructure. In environmental terms it is noteworthy the potential bad effect than can be cause to the water exchange between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Finally, concerns with regard to the loss of jobs and affectation to the local economy have been raised as well. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link, Germany - Denmark</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/germany">Germany</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Schleswig-Holstein/ Region Zealand</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ostholstein/ Lolland</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a><br />Transportation Services</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">17.6 km of immersed tunnel: 40 m wide, almost 10 m high 4 lane road 2 tracks railway</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>7,290,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1994</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/femern-a-s'>Femern A/S</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/denmark'><small>Denmark</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Danish Ministry of Transport</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/eu'>EU</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Action Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, NABU: Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Informal workers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Trade unions<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Conservationists, owners of holiday lets, operators of caravan and holiday facilities, representatives of retailers,restaurants and the ferry service and captains.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Occupational disease and accidents</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Change of project: tunnel instead of bridge.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Prior to the tunnel, the idea was to build a bridge which was highly criticised and opposed. Surprisingly, in 2010 the construction of a tunnel was announced. The Danes widely agreed whereas resistance grew in Germany.<br/><br/>Besides, the company has carried out extensive environmental investigations.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Citizens’ Action Committee<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Against the Fehmarn Belt<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Fixed Link (2009). Fehmarn Belt. Review of a fixed link crossing.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> VIEREGG - ROSSLER GmbH (2008). Expert report on the traffic forecasts and cost calculations of the Proposed Fixed Fehmarnbelt Link<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Femern A/S webpage: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.femern.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> NABU analysis of economic concerns and environmental impacts: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://wallnau.nabu.de/beltquerung/fixed_link_fehmarn_belt/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> European Comission Infrastructure TEN-T: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure/index_en.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Der Spiegel: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://goo.gl/BH7rRU" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Guardian: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jun/17/baltic-sea-fehmarnbelt-bridge" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Action Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link (in German):<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.beltquerung.info/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link - bridge between Denmark and Germany (Animation)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHHSQLBoHMg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>- Action Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link (in German):<br/><br/>http://www.beltquerung.info/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Alfred Burballa Noria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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