First oil spill at Akipelai Community, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The people of Akipelai are Ijaw Ogbia Ijaw speaking folks situated in Ogbia local government area of Bayelsa State. Fishing and farming are the main occupation of the people. The community is the maternal home of the current Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan. The spill occurred on 14th September, 2012 when an oil servicing company [Flees Global] contracted by Agip was carrying out some operations at the manifold. Flees Global was in the process of linking a new oil well from the neighbouring community [Aggrissaba] to the Obama flowstation by connecting it to the manifold on their land. The family of Aki and Amabebe in the community laid claim to the impacted area, as landlords. Leaders of the community expressed displeasure about the attitude of Agip toward the spill incident. After one week of reporting the spill, Agip is yet to visit the area to conduct investigation and remediation of the impacted site. Agip also attributed the incident to equipment failure. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>First oil spill at Akipelai Community, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bayelsa State, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Akipelai Community in Ogbia Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>14/09/2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nigeria-agip-oil-company'>Nigeria Agip Oil Company <small>(NAOC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/flees-global-service-ldt'>Flees Global Service Ldt</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/agip-group'>Agip Group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/italy'><small>Italy</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action, Friends of the Earth - Nigeria, Oilwatch Nigeria</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Trade unions</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Genetic contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-Agip should mobilize to contain the spill and clean up immediately.<br/><br/>-The mandatory Joint Investigation Visit comprising all stakeholders should be carried, and compensation should be paid to the affected local people</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The Nigerian Agip oil Company is still yet to visit the area for investigation and clean up the affected communities. report from the local people have fallen on deaf ears. Agip has ignored the cry from the local people.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ERA Field report<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Nnimmo Bassey</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
Comments