Flower market Square Redevelopment Plan, Zagreb, Croatia

The citizens and NGOs managed to stop the attempt to the redevelopment of Flower market square in Zagreb after some changes to this public area were already made.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The changes of the Urban Plan of the City of Zagreb from 2007 included changes that allowed for redevelopment of popular historic public square Cvjetni trg (Flower market Square). HOTO Group, owned by developer and real-estate tycoon Tomislav Horvatinčić, signed the contract with the city authority which allowed them construct a business center and underground garage. The construction plan also included construction of access ramps to underground private garage which would destroy the Varšavska Street pedestrian zone which provoked massive reaction of civil society groups among others Zelena Akcija (Green Action- Friends of the Earth Croatia) and Right to a City initiative (Pravo na grad) complaining on economic exploitation and commercialization of public space and exclusion of citizens from decision making processes. These organisations also formed a group of experts in urban planning and organised protests obstructing the construction work in the street, signing petition (around 55,000 people), as well as many small illegal actions and artistic performances. The first big protest with around 5,000 citizens was organised in 2010 during the voting procedure in which the city assembly accepted the plan. The protest resulted in arrests of around 140 protesters. The protests continued for 33 consecutive days, including the street blockade and presence of large number of policemen. The protesters called on the city Mayor and the Minister of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction to resign, as well as have been criticizing the work of the State Attorney (DORH) which previously issued a statement on possible legal irregularities and corruption in the project, but has been holding off the process. Green Action has subject of a series of political pressures, such as fees imposed by Zagreb City Council in total around EUR 70 000 base on the supposed illegal using of the storage area of the city owned building where the NGO offices were located, as well as by cutting off the finances for some of the long-time projects. The city mayor accused the NGOs of ‘preventing development’. The center and the access ramp in Varšavska were finally built in 2011, when the last protest occurred. More recently in March 2013, the City Council of Zagreb deleted from the General Urban Plan the provisions that allowed for the further destruction of the Cvjetni square and the Varšavska Street, as well as several other harmful urban development plans. The local civil societies and citizens were satisfied with this decision as the local authority finally responded to public pressure and demands, while Varšavska Street became a symbol of citizens’ revolt. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Flower market Square Redevelopment Plan, Zagreb, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Zagreb Capital</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Zagreb</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Urban development conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>0.1</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>10,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>03/2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/hoto-group'>HOTO Group <small>(HOTO)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Investor and developer of the project</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The City of Zagreb; The Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction of the Republic of Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Zelena Akcija (Friends of the Earth Croatia) http://zelena-akcija.hr; Right to a City (Pravo na grad) initiative http://pravonagrad.org; Croatian musicians and actors among other celebrities</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Artists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)<br /> Blockades<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Land occupation<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Noise pollution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Criminalization of activists<br /> New legislation<br /> Project cancelled<br /> The Urban Plan of the City of Zagreb was changed to the previous state from 2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The civil society organisations and citizens demanded cancellation of transformation plan of the Flower Square and the Varšavska Street .</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The changes of the General Urban Planin from March 2013 prevented further destruction of the Cvjetni square and the Varšavska Street, which was applauded by the civil society organisations as the local authority finally responded to their demands.<br/><br/>However, the commercial center and access ramp to underground garage was already built in 2011. Varšavska Street became a symbol of citizens’ revolt on the unilateral decision of the city authorities on the urban development. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Cleaning out the rat holes of Zagreb's flower square<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://failedarchitecture.com/cleaning-out-the-rat-holes-of-zagrebs-flower-square/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Građani, odmah krenite u iskasapljenu Varšavsku!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://danas.net.hr/hrvatska/gradjani-odmah-krenite-u-iskasapljenu-varsavsku" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Uhićen Milan Bandić<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.portalnovosti.com/uhicen-milan-bandic" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Sjećanje na Varšavsku – Kako smo se borili protiv Milana Bandića i kumova<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://radiogornjigrad.wordpress.com/2014/10/22/sjecanje-na-varsavsku-kako-smo-se-borili-protiv-milana-bandica-i-kumova/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> "Varšavska Ulica"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.index.hr/tag/166846/Var%C5%A1avska-ulica.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SRC SVETICE SU NOVA VARŠAVSKA<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pogledaj.to/drugestvari/src-svetice-su-nova-varsavska/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prosvjed protiv krađe Varšavske – srijeda 10.2., Varšavska<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pravonagrad.org/prosvjed-protiv-krade-varsavske-srijeda-102-varsavska/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> "Varšavska Prosvjed"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.index.hr/tag/186655/varsavska-prosvjed.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> "Republic of Coruptia": Aktivisti blokirali ulaz u Horvatinčićevu garažu, jedan priveden<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.index.hr/vijesti/clanak/republic-of-coruptia-aktivisti-blokirali-ulaz-u-horvatincicevu-garazu-jedan-priveden/545931.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> History of Cvjetni Trg (Flower market Square)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.hoto.hr/en/cvjetni/cvjetne-crtice/povijest" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protests in Varšavska continue<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.croatiantimes.com/news/General_News/2010-05-19/11067/Protests_in_Varšavska_continue_" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 140 arrested in Zagreb protests against construction in Varšavska pedestrian zone<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programi/urbanizam/suradnja/140_arrested_in_zagreb_protests_against_construction_in_Varšavska_pedestrian_zone" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> City council puts a political pressure on FoE Crotia because of Varšavska street<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/general/general_news/city_council_puts_a_political_pressure_on_foe_crotia_because_of_Varšavska_street" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Zagreb City Council adopted Changes to General Urban Plan Supported by Citizens and Civil Society<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://oneworldsee.org/content/zagreb-city-council-adopted-changes-general-urban-plan-supported-citizens-and-civil-society" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ovako će izgledati Varšavska kad se dovrši projekt garaže (3D view of access ramps to underground garages)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.jutarnji.hr/cvjetni-trg--ovako-ce-izgledati-Varšavska-kad-se-dovrsi-projekt-garaze/575471/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> VIDEO: Zbog Varšavske uhićeno više od 140 ljudi<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://danas.net.hr/hrvatska/video-zbog-varsavske-uhiceno-vise-od-140-ljudi" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prosvjed Varšavska 17.05.2010.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lTvORBc8W0" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Varsavska prosvjed 18/05/10<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Dw5Qgou6O4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Darko Rundek & Cargo Live @ Varšavska - Šal od svile<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0cSZ5hcxtL4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> TBF Live @ Varšavska - Heroji<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hp-hikZg3s4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Protests in Varšavska</strong> NGOs and citizens clashing with a police in the Varšavska street<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/protest.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Citizens in a peaceful protest in the Varšavska street </strong> The sign reads "Give up!"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/odus-830x317.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Positive reaction of NGO Green Action on the changes in the General Urban Plan in 2013</strong> The sign reads "Varšavska never more!"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/IMG_0012.JPG" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Blockade of the Varšavska Street </strong> Welcome to "Republic of Coruptia", the ultimate protest in April 2011<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/aktivisti_varsavska-060411BrunoKOnjevicCROPIX.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>07/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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