Förbifart Stockholm, Sweden

On the 3rd of September in 2009, the Swedish government decided to allow the construction of a 21 km long highway (whereof 17 km will be tunnel) known as 'Förbifart Stockholm' in Stockholm, Sweden. The plan to build a highway between E4/E20 by Kungens Kurva in the south, under Ekerö and towards Häggvik in the north can be traced back to the early 1990s where the project was known as Yttre Tvärleden and was a part of a larger infrastructure program known as Dennispaketet.
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Basic Data
NameFörbifart Stockholm, Sweden
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Urban development conflicts
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe estimated length of the six lane wide highway is 21 km, where 16 km would go through road tunnels. It is expected to be finalized at the earliest year 2020. (2)
Level of Investment (in USD)4,300,000,000: estimated cost
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population880,000: inhabitants of Stockholm
Start Date09/2009
Relevant government actorsTrafikverket, Naturvårdsverket, Länsstyrelsen
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKlimataktion Stockholm, www.klimataktion.se, Alternativ Stad, www.alternativstad.nu, Naturskyddsföreningen Stockholms län, www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/stockholm, Stockholms Naturskyddsförening, www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/stockholmkrets, Söderorts naturskyddsförening, www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/soderort, Mälaröarnas naturskyddsförening, www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/malaroarna, Nacka naturskyddsförening, www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/nacka, Kollektivtrafikant Stockholm, www.kollektivtrafikant.org, Cykelfrämjandet, www.cykelframjandet.a.se, Lovö hembygdförening, www.lovohembygd.com, Föreningen Rädda Lovö, Arbetsgruppen Rädda Grimstaskogen, www.arg2010.webs.com, Fältbiologerna Stockholm, Uppland. Gotland, www.fb-sug.se, Gröna kvinnor, www.gronaqvinnor.se, Södertörns miljö- och utvecklingsförening, www.smuf.org, Nej till Västerleden, Ingenjörer för miljön, www.ingenjorerformiljon.se, Klimax, www.klimax.se, Nätverket Järva Framtid, www.jarvasframtid.se, Gemensam Välfärd, www.gemensamvalfard.se, Djurgården Lilla Värtans miljöskyddsförening, www.dlv.se, Human powered vehicles Sweden, www.parnes.com/hpvsblog, Alarm Stockholm, http://alarmsthlm.com/, Drottningholms BBB, Ekologiska Lantbrukarna, http://ekolantbruk.se/, Föreningen Nej till Västerleden, Föreningen Rädda Järvafältet, Gröna Bilister, http://www.gronabilister.se/, Hesselby Byalag, http://hesselby.com/villastad/byalag.html, Koloniföreningen Stugängen, http://stugangen.wordpress.com/, Kungshättans Sportstugeförening, http://www.kungshatt.se/, Miljöförbundet Jordens Vänner, www.jordensvanner.se, Naturskyddsföreningen (riksorganisationen), http://www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/, Paradiset Hanvedens Vänner, http://www.paradiset-hanveden.se/, Planka.nu, www.planka.nu, Praxis, Sollentuna Naturskyddsförening, http://www2.naturskyddsforeningen.se/kretsar-lan/stockholm/sollentuna/, Stockholms Vandrareförening, www.vandra.org, Svenska Turistföreningen, www.svenskaturistforeningen.se, Stockholmskretsen, Symbios, http://www.sus.su.se/symbios, Naturvårdsverket (governmental agency), www.naturvardsverket.se, Statens Institut för Kommunikationsanalys (SIKA) (governmental agency) (no longer existing)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Deaths
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Development of AlternativesThe money that now are planned to finance Förbifart Stockholm should be used to improve and expand the Swedish public transport system and infrastructure.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the fact that Förbifart Stockholm is met with a lot of resistance from citizens and EJOs as well as various academics and experts, the project is still planned. At this point it is too early to say what the outcome will be.
Sources and Materials

Miljöbalken 1998:808 (Environmental Law)
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Sveriges Miljömål: Begränsad Klimatpåverkan (National Environmental Goal)
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örbifart-stockholm -ökar-förtida-dödsfall
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(1) Motorvägsmotståndet, Jordens Vänner
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(2) Bakgrund, Stoppa Förbifart Stockholm
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(4) Därför säger vi Nej till 'Förbifart Stockholm', Aftonbladet, 2008-09-15
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(3) Förbifart Stockholm Ökar Förtida Dödsfall, ETC, 2011-05-27

Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update08/04/2014