|Project Details||Green Resources is the largest plantation forestry company in Africa (outside of South Africa) and has plantations in Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique. In the last 10 years, 40,000 hectares of forest plantations were planted with an investment sum of $125 million.|
In 1999, Green Resources obtained a license for 2,670hectares of land in the Kachung Central Forest Reserve in Northern Uganda from the National Forestry Authority. Trees are planted on 2,100 hectares of land, while 530 hectares are used for conservation purposes and the remaining 73 hectares for infrastructure building.
The plantation was verified as an aforestation and reforestation (A/R) CDM project in 2012. In addition, it is validated under the Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance Standard (CCBA) and is certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). The first carbon credits were sold as Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) to the Swedish Energy Agency for $4 million in 2012 and 2013. The project is estimated to deliver 30,000 tCO2e carbon credits in 2012 and 240,000 in 2017.
Fourteen villages are located directly adjacent to the project area. Communities that live along the border of the Kachung forest have lost their access and use rights to the forest.
Reports indicate that the borders of the licensed area are protected with force, and community members are arrested for reason of trespassing. Expansions of the plantation of 530 hectares has led to new conflicts in 2011 and 2012. The level of encroachment on the licensed area is put by the NFA at 10%.
Environmental degradation as a consequence of the use of agrochemicals in the plantation. Biodiverse ecosystems with indigenous trees are cleared to make space for non-native pine and eucalyptus trees that are planted in monocultures.
Ten percent of Green Resources' profits go to community development projects in the area of sanitation, health, education and income generation with mixed results. In total 264 community members are employed by Green Resources, the majority of which receiving an income of less than one dollar per day.
|Project Area (in hectares)||2,670|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Potential Affected Population||6000 farmers|
|Company Names or State Enterprises||Green Resources from Norway - Timber extraction, forest products, forest plantations|
Lango Forestry Company (LFC)
|Relevant government actors||National Forest Authority (NFA), National Enviroment Management Authority (NEMA)|
|International and Financial Institutions||Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)|
Swedish Energy Agency from Sweden
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||REDD Monitor|
Global Forest Coalition