Fracking and flooding in Fares, Egypt

In 2008 oil company DanaGas set off explosives to assess rock formations for fracking. Soon after the explosions, contaminated waters started to rise out of the ground, destroying farms, trees, water supplies and homes in the nearby village of Fares.


Description

The village of Fares lies in the middle of the vast Kom Ombo oil drilling concession and is home to approximately 25,000 residents. Most of UAE-based oil company Dana Gas’ drilling and oil extraction lies only 11 kilometres away in the Baraka field. One well was sunk immediately next to New Fares, six kilometres west of the village proper.

See more...
Basic Data
Name Fracking and flooding in Fares, Egypt
CountryEgypt
ProvinceAswan
SiteFares
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsProduction at Al-Baraka Field is derived from 12 wells (all located in the main field area) within a total of 14 including exploration and development wells.

In 2014, the concession was producing crude oil at a rate from 350 to 400 barrels per day (bpd).
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/01/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesDana Gas Egypt from Egypt
Mediterra Energy from Canada - In 2014, Dana Gas sold its remaining 50% stake in Kom Ombo concession, including the Al Baraka and West Al Baraka oil fields, to Mediterra Energy, a subsidiary of Sea Dragon Energy Inc, for around $6.3 million in cash.
Sea Dragon Energy Inc - In 2014, Dana Gas sold its remaining 50% stake in Kom Ombo concession, including the Al Baraka and West Al Baraka oil fields, to Mediterra Energy, a subsidiary of Sea Dragon Energy Inc, for around $6.3 million in cash.
Madison Petrogas from Canada - In 2014, Dana Gas sold its remaining 50% stake in Kom Ombo concession, including the Al Baraka and West Al Baraka oil fields, to Mediterra Energy, a subsidiary of Sea Dragon Energy Inc, for around $6.3 million in cash. In October 2015, Sea Dragon Energy Inc. was acquired by Madison Petrogas Ltd.,
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Petroleum

Ganope, among with the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), is responsible for ensuring that all drilling practices performed in Aswan abide by strict environmental preservation laws.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEgyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Migration/displacement
Development of AlternativesEIPR demanded that an immediate moratorium be placed on the practice until Egypt had governmental institutions capable of properly overlooking the details of all drilling practices, and closing many of the potential loopholes in the bureaucratic process.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Since the flooding began, Dana Gas has refused outright to provide any compensation or support that might remedy the problem, stating explicitly that it would not do anything which might imply that it holds any responsibility for causing the damage.

At this stage it is unclear what approach the new owners of the concession will take, when dealing with the residents of Fares and their demands.
Sources and Materials
Links

(1) Is fracking responsible for the flooding of an Upper Egyptian village?
[click to view]

(3) Dana Gas Komombo Concession, Egypt Investigative Study of the Hydraulic Fracturing and Seismic Activities Conducted by DANA GAS
[click to view]

(2) The Flooding of Fares – are oil companies destroying an Egyptian village?
[click to view]

Other Documents

Orchard Fares Orchards in Fares are flooded (Photo: Platform London)
[click to view]

School Fares School playground in Fares is flooded (Photo: Platform London)
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAWK
Last update09/01/2018
Related conflicts
Comments