Fundicion Paipote (Videla Lira), Chile

Description
La Fundicion Paipote (Fundicin Hernon Videla Lira), de propiedad de la Empresa Nacional de Mineria ENAMI, esta localizada en poblacion de Paipote, al sur de Copiapó y al sur de Tierra Amarilla, Region de Atacama y fue la primera fundicion estatal del pais (1952).
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Basic Data
NameFundicion Paipote (Videla Lira), Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceAtacama
SiteTierra Amarilla
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Metal refineries
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCapacidad de tratamiento 340.000 ton/año de concentrados Total de emisiones (respecto a todas las fundidoras chilenas) 5%
Level of Investment (in USD)92000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date1994
Company Names or State EnterprisesEmpresa Nacional de Mineria (ENAMI) from Chile
Relevant government actorsMinisterio Secretaria General de la Presidencia., Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Intendencia de la Region de Atacama
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAgrupacion de Madres por el Medio Ambiente Regional y la Salud (AMPARES), Vecinos y pobladores de Copiapo, Paipote y Tierra Amarilla.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Mothers
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement
Potential: Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.En 2012 se ha ordenadonque reduzca los niveles de dioxido de azufre producidos y otras sustancias. Pero el 3 octubre 2012 se anuncia nuevo episodio de contaminación en Fundición Paipote: 16 personas derivadas a hospital de Copiapó.

En el 2013 la autoridad sanitaria en la zona decretado alerta ambiental ocasionada por las emanaciones de anhídrido sulfuroso que además de generar problemas en la población, superaron la norma permitida. Los vecinos del sector insisten en que se entregue una solución definitiva a estos episodios contaminantes.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Nueva normativa para reducir los niveles de dioxido de azufre, de arsenico y de material particulado. 2012

References

Web Intendencia Region de Atacama
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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