Gállok/Kallak Iron Mine, Sweden

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 2006, a British company named Beowulf Mining Plc. and their Swedish affiliate, Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB, were given permission by the Swedish governmental agency Bergsstaten to explore possibilities for mining iron ore in Gállok (also known as Kallak); an area located 40 km northwest of Jokkmokk in the province of Lappland, Sweden. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The area where the mine is to be located is today used by the indigenous Sami people from the villages of Sirges and Jåhkågasska as winter pasture land for reindeers. Reindeer herding is a traditional practice to the Sami people that would be rendered impossible in this area if the mining project is realised. <br/><br/> Continuing protests and demonstrations by the Sami people, as well as EJOs, locals and activists, with the intention to stop the mining project, have taken place, and a series of police interventions to stop the protests have occurred, with several activists being arrested. Scientists have also expressed concern about the dam that is needed as a part of the mining project since if it leaks or breaks it may destroy water supplies as well as power supply in the area. <br/><br/> As of today, the company continues its exploration and the protests continue. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Gállok/Kallak Iron Mine, Sweden</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/sweden">Sweden</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Norrbotten</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Jokkmokk</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral processing<br /> Mineral ore exploration<br /> Tailings from mines</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/iron-ore'>Iron ore</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Exploration of the area has shown findings of 25-45% iron in the ore and an estimation is that the deposit contains at least 600 million tonnes of iron that could be extracted over 60 years. For every 10 million tonnes of iron (which is an annual estimate for the first 15 years), 150 million tonnes of aggregate would be extracted. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>2.25</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/beowulf-mining-plc'>Beowulf Mining Plc.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-kingdom'><small>United Kingdom</small></a><br /><a href='/company/jokkmokk-iron-mines-ab'>Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Bergsstaten </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>What local people (www.whatlocalpeople.se), Urbergsgruppen Jokkmokk (http://urbergsgruppenjokkmokk.se/), Fältbiologerna (www.faltbiologerna.se), Rätten för Urfolk Samerna (RUSA), Jordens vänner (Swedish affiliate of Friends of the Earth, http://www.jordensvanner.se/), Naturskyddsföreningen Jokkmokk (http://www2.naturskyddsforeningen.se/kretsar-lan/norrbotten/jokkmokk/)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>As of today, Beowulf Mining Plc. with affiliate Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB are still exploring and conducting tests at the site; i.e. proceeding with the plans to start mining for iron ore in the area despite massive continuing protests and knowledge of the impact it will have on indigenous and local people and the risks for the environment.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Reindeer herding law (1971:437) <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/lag/19710437.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ILO Convention no. 169, 1989 (Sweden has not ratified the convention)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ilo.org/indigenous/Conventions/no169/lang--en/index.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> What local people <br/><a class="refanch small" href="www.whatlocalpeople.se" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Aktivisterna: Vi ska stoppa hela gruvboomen!, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svd.se/naringsliv/nyheter/sverige/aktivisterna-vi-ska-stoppa-hela-gruvboomen_8310102.svd" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gruvprotester i Kallak fortsätter, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svd.se/naringsliv/branscher/energi-och-ravaror/gruvprotester-i-kallak-fortsatter_8388884.svd" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kallak: Aktivist har hällt bensin på sig och hotat tända eld, Sveriges Radio, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=2327&artikel=5622767" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Sverige skänker bort tillgångar i Sameland, Dagens Nyheter, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dn.se/debatt/sverige-skanker-bort-tillgangar-i-sameland/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kampanda i Kallak, Sveriges Radio, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=2327&artikel=5626155" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nya protester när malmen fraktades iväg, Dagens Nyheter, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dn.se/nyheter/sverige/nya-protester-nar-malmen-fraktades-ivag/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protesterna mot gruvan har bara börjat, Dagens Nyhter, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dn.se/ekonomi/protesterna-mot-gruvan-har-bara-borjat/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Music written by local artists about the project: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://soundcloud.com/whatlocalpeople" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> A collection of 23 photos from a demonstration of 500 people against the mining project <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=2327&artikel=5626155" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Demonstration, Jokkmokk Market 2012 <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=w7vYBaCB4_k" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=8Mqs2PsDubM" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Linda Dubec</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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