Gandarela Mountain Range (Minas Gerais), against mining iron

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In the Gandarela Mountain Range - located in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte City, Brazil - there is a proposal from Vale S/A mining company for a production of 24 million tons of iron ore per year, for 17 years, the project is called Apolo Mine. The resistance movement makes a strong political pressure to avoid the threat of mining and proposed the creation of Gandarela National Park, a government instrument that does not allow mining. The institute ICMBio, that promotes the creation of parks in Brazil, did studies showing the importance of preserving the area due to the high biological diversity, large area of aquifer recharge, paleontological and historical notable attributes. The Park’s establishment is already a consensus among government, mining companies, and civil society, but the conflict lies in its exact delimitation, which portion may be or not excluded from the park to mining. The resistance movement also produced studies that contradict the arguments of generating employment and income from mining, proving that even the economic benefits of community-based tourism are major and lasting. Another important argument that produces popular pressure against mining is that iron ore mining imperils the exterminates the huge natural aquifer, and thus significantly undermines the public water supply. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> See more at: www.aguasdogandarela.org<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Gandarela Mountain Range (Minas Gerais), against mining iron </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/brazil">Brazil</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Minas Gerais State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Caeté, Santa Bárbara, Raposos and Rio Acima </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Water access rights and entitlements<br /> Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/iron-ore'>Iron ore</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Apolo Mine is prospecting to produce 24 million tonnes of iron ore per year. The project includes: plant, waste dumps (315 hectares), rail spur with 22 kilometers long and the construction of a tailings dam (344 hectares). <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>1728</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>2100000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>5000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2009</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/vale-sa'>Vale S.A. <small>(Vale)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/brazil'><small>Brazil</small></a> - <small> formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>MMA , ICMBio , SEMAD , SUPRAM-CM , MPE , MPF </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Movement for the Preservation of Gandarela Mountain Range, MovSAM - Movement of Mountain Ranges and Waters of Minas, Manuelzão Project, MACACA (cultural, artistic and environmental Movement of Caeté)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Conservationists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Ironstone Caves<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Threat to water supply of city of Belo Horizonte</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Land demarcation<br /> Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Creation of a National Park<br/><br/>Community-based tourism </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project has been stopped by the political pressure of the local resistance movement: by the proposal to create a national park, the arguments that oppose mining, especially arguments that show damage to the water supply from the aquifer.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> SNUC/2000<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> EIA/RIMA<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Precautionary Principle<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Article: The resistance against the giant Vale mining company is growing worldwide.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ejolt.org/2013/04/the-resistance-against-the-giant-vale-mining-company-is-growing-worldwide/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Environmental Conflicts Map of Minas Gerais/Brazil:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://conflitosambientaismg.lcc.ufmg.br/info.php?id=498" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> The resistance movement site:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="www.aguasdogandarela.org/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Petition in english:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.petitiononline.com/gandarel/petition.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Information:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://api.ning.com/files/VZ8NRafuL7YDB6vQvZVVrx3v7niQ8EGmqWZ2VtWhpFpRH8vXtomCdTiepnNbEnUyNzWw00kwMPLFsEmIgwm55NXHnyyNRNl7/Gandarela.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Save Gandarela on Vimeo<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://vimeo.com/user13029931" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Fore strivers<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://forestrivers.wordpress.com/2012/11/20/actions-create-the-parque-nacional-da-serra-do-gandarela/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Video:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://aguasdogandarela.org/video/os-pessegos-da-cornicha-1" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> video: The right to say NO<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krMsK13IrzA" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Images from Gandarela<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=etLxdR2Va0Q" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Andréa Zhouri /Carolina Hermann C de Souza</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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