Gas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria

Description

Every year, millions of dollars are literally going up in smoke in Nigeria, Africas top crude oil-exporting nation; companies infact usually burn off unwanted natural gas released during oil production.

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Basic Data
NameGas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceRivers State
SiteOgba kingdom in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Gas flaring
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to the Nigerian Nation Petroleum Corporation annual Bulletin report (2010), Agip owns 15 oil wells in Ebocha, about 642,539 barrels of oil is produced and about 65% of associated gas is flared.

Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution
Potential: Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Potential: Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesAgip and the Nigerian Government must put and end to gas flaring in Ebocha and other Niger Delta Communities.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite complains from the community, Agip continues to flare gas in the area. Their operation has truncated the livelihoods of the local people, and diseases such as Asthma, Bronchitis, Cancer and other respiratory track diseases are wide spread in the area, and adjourning communities.
Sources and Materials
References

Report Il Delta dei Veleni and Video doc Oil for Nothing - Re:Common (Italian and English)
[click to view]

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

Links

NPR
[click to view]

Climate Law
[click to view]

Environmental Rights Action
[click to view]

Other CommentsOil is a mainstay of Nigerias economy, and the government acknowledges that the oil industry still flares 24 billion cubic meters of gas a year, enough to power a good portion of Africa for a whole year.

Despite its oil wealth, Nigeria itself suffers chronic energy shortages. The gas is often burned right next door to homes that dont have electricity, and while theres a local market for the natural gas vented during oil production, its less profitable than crude oil. Critics warn that not enough is being done to put out flares or save gas that could be harvested and used within the country.

Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014
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