Gas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Every year, millions of dollars are literally going up in smoke in Nigeria, Africas top crude oil-exporting nation; companies infact usually burn off unwanted natural gas released during oil production. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> This flaring and venting produces more greenhouse-gas emissions than any other single source in South Saharian Africa, and many who live in oil-producing communities complain about chronic health and environmental problems associated with the gas flares. <br/><br/> Much of the Nigerian region where oil is pumped is a maze of winding mangrove creeks and waterways. Leafy, green and humid, Ebocha-Egbema is an unremarkable collection of small villages with tin-roof houses and shops, located in the heart of the Rivers State in Nigerias turbulent oil-producing Niger Delta. <br/><br/> Huge flames billow in the air over Ebocha, and above them, black clouds leap into the sky. The giant gas flares operated by Agip-Nigeria belch out noxious fumes that loom over homes, farms and shops. Theres a strange smell and an audible hiss in the air. <br/><br/> Residents of the Niger Delta region, where Ebocha is located, say gas flaring is ruining lives and livelihoods. <br/><br/> Despite these complains, Agip continue to flare gas in the area. Their operation has truncated the livelihoods of the local people, and diseases such as Asthma, Bronchitis, Cancer and other respiratory track diseases are wide spread in the area, and adjourning communities. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Gas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Rivers State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ogba kingdom in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Gas flaring</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br /><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">According to the Nigerian Nation Petroleum Corporation annual Bulletin report (2010), Agip owns 15 oil wells in Ebocha, about 642,539 barrels of oil is produced and about 65% of associated gas is flared. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nigeria-agip-oil-company'>Nigeria Agip Oil Company <small>(NAOC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Informal workers<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Trade unions<br /> Women</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Land occupation<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Violations of human rights, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Agip and the Nigerian Government must put and end to gas flaring in Ebocha and other Niger Delta Communities.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Despite complains from the community, Agip continues to flare gas in the area. Their operation has truncated the livelihoods of the local people, and diseases such as Asthma, Bronchitis, Cancer and other respiratory track diseases are wide spread in the area, and adjourning communities.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Report Il Delta dei Veleni and Video doc Oil for Nothing - Re:Common (Italian and English)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.recommon.org/campagna-delta-del-niger-nigeria/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> NPR<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=12175714" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Climate Law<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.climatelaw.org/cases/case-documents/nigeria/report/section7" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Environmental Rights Action<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.eraction.org/component/content/article/225" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>Oil is a mainstay of Nigerias economy, and the government acknowledges that the oil industry still flares 24 billion cubic meters of gas a year, enough to power a good portion of Africa for a whole year. <br/><br/>Despite its oil wealth, Nigeria itself suffers chronic energy shortages. The gas is often burned right next door to homes that dont have electricity, and while theres a local market for the natural gas vented during oil production, its less profitable than crude oil. Critics warn that not enough is being done to put out flares or save gas that could be harvested and used within the country. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Nnimmo Bassey</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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