Geotube Construction in Pentha, Odisha, India

Description
A World Bank-supported geo-synthetic tube is under construction in Pentha, a coastal village in Odisha, India. (1) Pentha, with a population of around 50,000 fishermen, has experienced severe erosion over the past two to three decades (3). The project, funded through the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Programme, aims to protect Pentha against increased sea erosion, especially from cyclones. Cyclones in the area often cause sea surges between five to eight metres, with at least one instance of 11 metres recorded in 1999. Oceangraphic experts from the Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai (IIT) claim that climate change and rising sea levels have caused changes in the circulation of the sea, resulting in additional erosion and deposition of sand. (1)
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Basic Data
NameGeotube Construction in Pentha, Odisha, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceOdisha
SitePentha
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Wetlands and coastal zone management
Climate change related conflicts (glaciers and small islands)
Specific CommoditiesLand
geotextiles, gabion boxes, polymer rope
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)0.07
Level of Investment (in USD)4,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population50,000
Start Date30/09/2008
Relevant government actorsRajnagar Mangrove (wildlife) forest department;

Odisha State Forest Department;

Indian State Government;

Odisha Water Department
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersBiswajit Mohanty;

Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai (IIT)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
OtherPotential to disrupt mass turtle nesting in marine sanctuary
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
Moratoria
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials
References

(2) Geo-synthic tube project comes under scanner of state forest department
[click to view]

'Bureaucracy on the Beach'-description of critique of project by environmentalists in 2008
[click to view]

(1) India deploys coastal tube defense against tidal surges
[click to view]

(3)Geotube embankment for ICZMP of Pentha village in Odisha (academic article)
[click to view]

Links

Telegraph India story on project suspension
[click to view]

Article on seawall at start of construction
[click to view]

Article on IIT team of scientists studying proposed project area
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLena Weber, Lund University Department of Human Ecology
Last update06/09/2014
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