Giza North power plant, Egypt

Description
Situated 30-40km northwest of Cairo, the North Giza natural gas-powered power plant project is estimated to have a cost of $2.2 billion. $840 million in funding comes from the World Bank through a loan to the Government of Egypt and the rest of the money comes from the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Fund for International Development of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The nearest settlement is 5-6km northwards and has a population of over 7,000 people[1]. Land use around the site is agricultural and land on the site has fruit trees, palm trees and wheat and vegetables[2]. Local farmers have complained that they are suffering diversion of the Nile flow, unanticipated loss of ground water sources, salinization of wells and soil, and damage of crops and trees. In a meeting with the World Bank, local farmers expressed concern about a lack of transparency and consultation with communities and detailed how construction debris had been dumped in a canal, negatively affected their ability to produce crops on land bordering the plant[3]. New York Stock Exchange listed GE has signed contracts totaling US$300 million with the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company to supply six gas turbines and associated services to the North Giza plant and one other planned power station.
Basic Data
NameGiza North power plant, Egypt
CountryEgypt
ProvinceGiza Governorate
SiteAbu Ghlib
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Geothermal energy installations
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project includes four 250MW gas turbines, two 250MW steam turbines, four heat recovery steam generators, water systems (including cooling water), condensate system, feedwater heaters, service water and waste water treatment and electrical systems including transformers and switchyard. The overall generating capacity of the power plant will be 1500MW[5]. The power plant is intended to be operational by 2012/2013. Emissions of carbon dioxide are estimated to be up to 5,000 kilotonnes per year (expressed as CO2) therefore the power plant will emit up to around 3% of the total Egyptian CO2 emissions in 2008[2].
Project Area (in hectares)27500000
Level of Investment (in USD)2200000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population7000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesEgyptian Electricity Holding Company from Egypt - www.egelec.com
Cairo Electricity Production Company from Egypt - www.cairoepc.com
GE Energy Infrastructure (GE Energy ) from United States of America - www.ge.com
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Electricity and Energy, Egyptian Public Authority for Drainage Projects, Egyptian Directorate of Housing and Infrastructure, Egyptian Department of Physical Planning, Egyptian Department of Social Affairs, Egyptian Department of Land Surveying, Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
European Investment Bank (EIB)
OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID)
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEgyptian Association for Collective Rights, Egyptian Center for Legislative Reform, Habitat International Coalition
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Construction is going ahead. Communities have complained of negative impacts.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Environmental Protection Law 4/1994 (amended in 2009) ()
[click to view]

Expropriation of Ownership for Public Interest Law (Law 10/1990)

Physical Planning Law (Law3/1982)

References

[1] Engineering Consultants Group (2010). Giza north power plant and gas interconnection projects: Resettlement Policy Framework. Available at: Accessed 14 January 2013.
[click to view]

[3] Bank Information Centre (2012). Civil society and affected citizens present concerns to World Bank on Egypt power project. Available at:
[click to view]

[4] Business Wire (2011). Egypt Selects GE Technology for $300 Million in Electricity Contracts to Power Countrys Growing Needs. Available at:
[click to view]

Accessed 15 January 2013.

Accessed 15 January 2013.

[2] Engineering Consultants Group (2010). Giza North Power Project. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment. Available at:
[click to view]

[click to view]

Accessed 15 January 2013.

[5] World Bank (2010). EG-Giza North Power Project. Available at:

Accessed 15 January 2013.

Links

Land Times (2012). Abu Ghalib: Loss of Land, Loss of Production, in Whose Interest? Available at:
[click to view]

Accessed 15 January 2013.

Accessed 14 January 2013.

Ibrahim, Nadine (2012). New Giza power plant threatens Abu Ghaleb farming village. Available at:
[click to view]

Media Links

Ibrahim, Nadine (2012). New Giza power plant threatens Abu Ghaleb farming village. Available at: Accessed 15 January 2013.
[click to view]

Land Times (2012). Abu Ghalib: Loss of Land, Loss of Production, in Whose Interest? Available at: Accessed 14 January 2013.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPatrick Burnett
Last update03/05/2014
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