PPT case: Glencore-Katanga Mining Ltd., Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The largest worldwide production of Cobalt brings environmental and water pollution, but also child and forced labour, smuggling of materials, fiscal and tax evasion, violence on activists and human rights defenders


Description
Summary of the conflict: The company Katanga Mining Ltd. operates a copper-cobalt project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This corporation is a subsidiary of Glencore, and is owned by the latter for a stake of 75%. Katanga Mining also holds a 75% stake in two joint ventures with Gécamines, a state-owned mining company in the DRC: Kamoto Copper Company (KCC) and DRC Copper and Cobalt Project (DCP). Overall, Glencore has in the DRC most of its worldwide production of Cobalt. The impacts of the company’s activities span from air and environmental pollution to water pollution, but also child and forced labour, smuggling of materials, fiscal and tax evasion, violence on activists and human rights defenders.
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Basic Data
NamePPT case: Glencore-Katanga Mining Ltd., Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
CountryCongo, Dem. Rep.
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Mineral processing
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Cobalt
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesGlencore International AG from Switzerland
Gécamines from Congo, Dem. Rep.
Katanga Mining Ltd. from Congo, Dem. Rep.
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos (OACNUDH)
International Monetary Fund (FMI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersBenchmarks, Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power, Permanent Peoples Tribunal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Migration/displacement
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights
[click to view]

UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
[click to view]

UN Basic Principles on the use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Official
[click to view]

Basic Principles and Guideline issues on “development-based evictions and displacement”
[click to view]

References

Report: PR or Progress? Glencore’s Corporate Responsibility in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
[click to view]

Kamoto Copper Company - Industrial mining and social development: The case
of Kamoto Copper Company (KCC)
[click to view]

Links

GlencoreXstrata faces questions over deals made with friend of DRC leader, The Guardian, 19 May 2014
[click to view]

The Benchmarks Foundation
[click to view]

Global Campaign to Stop Corporate Impunity
[click to view]

Testimony of the case in the Permanent Peoples Tribunal Hearing - Corporate Human Rights Violations and Peoples Access to Justice. Geneva, 23 June 2014
[click to view]

Business World, "Glencore invests in Congo hydropower as solution to blackouts"
[click to view]

Mining giant Glencore accused in child labour and acid dumping row, The Guardian, 12 April 2012
[click to view]

Mining Watch Canada
[click to view]

Reuters: Glencore invests in Congo hydropower as solution to blackouts
[click to view]

Other Documents

Open pit mining Source: Congomines.org
[click to view]

Glencore building in Switzerland Source: https://congoayuk.wordpress.com/2012/04/16/panorama-questions-over-glencore-mines/
[click to view]

Other CommentsSee more at: http://www.bench-marks.org.za/
Meta Information
ContributorGlobal Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power, Transnational Institute - TNI, Friends of the Earth International
Last update02/07/2015
Comments