GMOs in Aragon, Spain


Description
In spite of the de facto moratoria in other European countries, introduction of GM maize in Spain started in 1998. The available GM varieties have grown from the initial 16 to 61 in 2007. All the current varieties derive from the GM maize event Mon810 modified to be resistant to the corn borer. The rate of farmers adoption and hectares under GM maize cultivation have arisen according to this increasing number of registered GM maize varieties, although with a very heterogeneous distribution. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture, extrapolated from the seed companies sales, report 75,000 ha of GM maize in 2007, 14.5% of the total grain maize area. Aragon is one of the Spanish areas with the highest concentration of GM maize adoption, 55% (in 2006). Maize production and the fabrication of feed and fodder are key agricultural activities, mainly related to the meat industry. The average size of farm lands is small and fragmented (7 ha in the case of grain and 30 ha for forage maize in Aragon). The introduction of GM crops has put the issue of GM and non-GM crops coexistence on the table. Up to four preliminary documents on the implementation of coexistence have been released by the Spanish administration since 2004. However, they have been highly contested by agrarian and environmental organizations. No agreement has been reached so far. Instead, some guidelines on good practices for cultivating GM maize have been promoted by the seed producers association. Besides, from 2003 there have been made public several cases of GM contamination in animal feed and GM crops in both Catalunya and Aragon. For many years, a myriad of social agents, including farmers, consumers and environmental groups have been opposing the introduction of GM crops in Aragon.
Basic Data
NameGMOs in Aragon, Spain
CountrySpain
ProvinceAragon
SiteZuera, Tauste, Egea de los Caballeros... (many locations)
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)GMOs
Specific CommoditiesCorn/Maize
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected Population7,000,000
Start Date1998
Company Names or State EnterprisesPioneer
Monsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsAragon regional governement, Departamento de Agricultura y Alimentación de la Chunta de Aragón, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Alimentación y Agricultura
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAragon sin Transgénicos y hacia la Soberanía Alimentaria. Supported by the following groups:, A.VV. Puente Santiago Actur, A.VV. Sauces de Montecanal (Casablanca), Achencia de noticias AraInfo, Agencia de Medio Ambiente y Sostenibilidad del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza, Alcañiza Toma la Plaza 15M, Amigos de la Tierra, ARNA Agrupacion Apicola, Asamblea 15M Zaragoza, Asociación Amigos del Maiz de consumo humano y de la semilla de Alfalfa Aragón, Asociación Cultural Os Zagales, Asociación para la Defensa de la Sanidad Pública de Aragón, Asociación Sueltas, Asociación Volaria, Biblioteca Frida Kahlo, Birosta Bar Vegetariano, Borraja a Piñon, Borrájatelo, grupo de consumo ecológico en Zaragoza, Caracol Zaragoza, red de personas por la autonomía zapatista, Casa Chusepón (Murillo de Gállego), Centro de Estudios Ambientales Ítaca de Andorra (Teruel), Centro deEstudios Rurales y de Agricultura Internacional- CERAI Aragón, Centro Obrero de Formación- CODEF, CGT Aragón, Chunta Aragonesista, Circulo Solidario José Martí de Huesca, colectivo zombra, Comité Aragonés de Agricultura Ecológica, Comité de Solidaridad Internacionalista de Zaragoza, Confederación de Asociaciones Vecinales de Aragón- CAVAragón, Coordinadora Antifascista de Zaragoza, Decrecimiento Aragón, ECO agricultor, EcoFlor, Ecologistas en Acción Aragón, EcoNuez, grupo de consumo y producción ecológica de Nuez de Ebro, EcoRedAragón, red de consumidores y productores ecológicos en Aragón, Equo Aragón, Facilita coaching y Casa Pirineos (Ulle, Huesca), Fundación Paz y Solidaridad de CCOO Aragón, Greenpeace en Aragón, Grupo Scout Santa Isabel, Imago Mundi. Teatro de Títeres, Ingeniería Sin Fronteras Aragón, Izquierda Anticapitalista en Aragón, Izquierda Unida de Aragón, Juventud Comunista Aragón, LAlbolte, cultivo biodinámico de almendras y olivas, La Capaceta, grupo de consumo responsable de Los Monegros, La enredadera de Radio Topo, La Espinaca Ataca, cooperativa de consumo ecológico, La HuertaZa, La Natural. Alimentación, vida sana y consumo responsable, La Vía Campesina, Marea Roja Zaragoza, Mi Espacio Gourmet, MiKaSa (Panillo), Observatorio Aragonés para el Sáhara Occidental, Para Todos Todo (Pina de Ebro), Partido Comunista de España en Aragón, Plaibo, Puyalón de Cuchas, Red de Economía Alternativa y Solidaria- REAS Aragón, Red de Semillas de Aragón, Red Hortelanos Sobrarbe, Riet Vell, S.A., Setem Aragón, Slow Food Zaragoza- Convivium Ínsula Barataria, Unión de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Aragón- UAGA-COAG, Veterinarios Sin Fronteras Aragón, Villamayorto, huerto social ecológico en VIllamayor (Zaragoza), COAG Aragon (Farmers Trade Union)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
groups from organic consumption cooperatives
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
New legislation
Development of AlternativesBan GMOs.

Ban Patents on life.

Promoting alternative food systems and short supply chains based on small-scale organic production and local, seasonal and organic consumption schemes.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The area of GM maize is equal or increasing.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

mente:
[click to view]

de organismos modificados genéticamente:
[click to view]

DIRECTIVA 2001/18/CE sobre liberación intencional en el medio ambiente de organismos modificados genéticamente (OMGs)

1830/2003 del Parlamento europeo y del Consejo de 22 de septiembre de 2003, relativo a la trazabilidad y al etiquetado de OMGs y a la trazabilidad de los alimentos y piensos producidos a partir de estos, y por el que se modifica la Directiva 2001/18/CEVentana nueva.

1829/2003 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo de 22 de septiembre de 2003, sobre alimentos y piensos modificados genéticamente

LEY 9/2003, de 25 de abril, por la que se

establece el régimen jurídico de la utilización

confinada, liberación voluntaria y comercia-

lización de organismos modificados genética-

REAL DECRETO 178/2004, de 30 de enero,

por el que se aprueba el Reglamento general

para el desarrollo y ejecución de la

Ley 9/2003, de 25 de abril, por la que se esta-

blece el régimen jurídico de la utilización con-

finada, liberación voluntaria y comercialización

References

Binimelis, R. (2008) Coexistance of crops, coexistance of farmers? in Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:
[click to view]

Documentary: Tranxgenia: la història del cuc i el panís:
[click to view]

Report by Assemblea Pagesa, Plataforma Transgenics Fora! & Greenpeace. La imposible coexistencia (2005)
[click to view]

Report by Greenpeace. La coexistencia sigue siendo imposible:
[click to view]

Links

Map of experimental GM fields in Spain (2012-2013):
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update26/08/2016
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