GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">GMR limited has set up 1050 MW thermal power plant at Kamalganga in Dhenkanal District of Orissa. The project involves setting up of 3X350 MW coal based thermal power plant. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> GMR Energy is developing 1400 MW (4X350 MW) coal based thermal power project at Kamalanga, in Dhenkanal district of Orissa. The contract has been awarded to SEPCO-China. The plant has been awarded Mega Power Status by Ministry Of Power. Unit 1 of the Project has already been commissioned on 28th April’13 while Unit 2 has been synchronized with the grid on 9th July’13. Unit 3 is in advanced stages of construction and is expected to achieve COD by end of 2013. <br/><br/> A field study by Indian NGO the Research Collective has found that an International Finance Corporation (IFC, the Banks private sector arm) supported coal-power plant run by GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited (GKEL), financed through a financial intermediary, has caused water pollution in the Odisha region. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Orissa</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Kamalanga, District-Dhenkanal </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Thermal power plants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The plant is expected to generate 1400 MW. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>425</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>0</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>5000-6000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/gmr-kamalanga-energy-limited'>GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a> - <small> a subsidiary of GMR Energy </small><br /><a href='/company/electric-power-construction-corporation'>Electric Power Construction Corporation <small>(SEPCO)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of Orissa</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/corporacion-financiera-internacional'>Corporación financiera internacional,</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Odisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad (Odisha Agriculture and Environment Protection Council), Delhi Forum (DF)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Odisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad<br /> Delhi Forum</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Repression<br /> Strengthening of participation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The fundamental information about the GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL) in Odisha, financed by IFC via IIF, should be immediately made public, including impact assessments, and any <br/><br/>action plans to ensure compliance with standards, among others. <br/><br/>IFC should apply the same sets of transparency, social, and environmental requirements to FI subprojects as applied to direct investment projects. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Administration did not listen to the grievances of villagers. The local police along with the contractors of GKEL filed a case against villagers. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ’s-ombudsman-accepts-complaint-against-gmr-project-in-odisha/<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://delhisolidaritygroup.wordpress.com/2011/05/12/world-bank-group" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Negotiating Power Study of Socio-Economic Impacts of GKEL in Dhenkanal<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/120264767/Negotiating-Power-Study-of-Socio-Economic-Impacts-of-GKEL-in-Dhenkanal" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> International Finance Corporation<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cao-ombudsman.org/cases/document-links/documents/IndiaIIFcomplaint_April152011_web.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited- Thermal Power Project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.bicusa.org/feature/gmr-kamalanga-energy-limited-thermal-power-project/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Environmental Assessment of Industrial Clusters<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=56483" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Industrial Clusters<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://cpcb.nic.in/divisionsofheadoffice/ess/NewItem_151_Final_Book1.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> assessment of industrial Clusters<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://cpcb.nic.in/divisionsofheadoffice/ess/NewItem_152_Final-Book_2.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.gmrgroup.in/Energy/GMR_Orissa_Power_Project.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ALEC at 40: Turning Back the Clock on Prosperity and Progress<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Opposition_to_coal_in_India#cite_note-36" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Indian NGO faults IFC energy project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.brettonwoodsproject.org/art-572276" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> World Bank funds a polluting coal-power plant run by GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited (GKEL) in Odisha<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://chssachetan.wordpress.com/2013/05/28/world-bank-funds-a-polluting-coal-power-plant-run-by-gmr-kamalanga-energy-limited-gkel-in-odisha-2/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Complaint letter to Vice President Meg Taylor<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> CRITERIA FOR Comprehensive Environmental Assessment<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Comprehensive environmental<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> World Bank Group’s Ombudsman Accepts Complaint Against GMR Project in Odisha<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>20/07/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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