Goi Case against Shell, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In October 2004 a major oil spill occurred in the Trans-Niger pipeline, which runs through the Ogoniland to the Bonny Export Terminal. Following the spill, fire broke out. The oil and the fire reached the mangrove forest in the Tidal region of the village of Goi. For three days Shell unsuccessfully attempted to extinguish the fire. After four days the disastrous aftermath could be seen: 15 hectares of mangrove forest were devastated, 20 canoes destroyed, all the fish killed and hundreds of trees with high economic value (palm trees, mango trees, coconut palm, avocado and more) had gone up in flames. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> It was not until July 2007, 33 months after the October 2004 oil spill, that Shell began the clean-up of his fishpond. But tragically, in August/September 2007 the fishponds again become polluted by a new oil leak in the Trans-Niger pipeline. No fish could be produced by Chief Barizaa and other community people after October 2004. In the meantime, the village of Goi has become deserted. The oil pollution has left it uninhabitable. There are no fish left in the creek or in the fishponds, agriculture is no longer possible and there is no way to make a living. <br/><br/> Despite this, the Goi community survives. Although the former residents of Goi live spread out among various villages in the area now, they still meet every week on the waterside which was once so lovely. This is how they keep their desire and their hope alive to someday return to their homeland, if the oil can ever be cleaned up. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Goi Case against Shell, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Rivers State.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Gokana Local Government Area.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>LOW country/state level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>35</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/shell-petroleum-development-company'>Shell Petroleum Development Company <small>(SPDC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action (Nigeria), Friends of the Earth Netherlands(Milieu Defensie)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Social movements<br /> Trade unions<br /> Women<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement<br /> The Legal case between Shell and Goi Community is presently proceeding in a civil court in the Hague, Netherlands. The affected communities representatives claim that oil spills ruined their sources of livelihoods and therefore must be cleaned up. Due compensation is also firmly claimed.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Develop a solid plan to clean up the oil pollution in Goi community and the entire Niger Delta. <br/><br/>As recommended by the UN, this plan should include Shell depositing $1 billion to a special emergency fund for the most urgent clean up operations in the Niger Delta.<br/><br/>Close all oil wells that are illegally flaring gas before January 1, 2013 in Goi and other Niger Delta Communities.<br/><br/>Develop a clear plan to improve the maintenance of the pipeline network in Nigeria, and protect them against theft and sabotage.<br/><br/>Offer serious financial compensation to farmers and fishermen whose means of living have been destroyed as a result of the oil leaks in the community and the entire Niger Delta.<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The fire destroyed 15 hectares of mangrove forest, all the fish was killed and hundreds of trees got lost.<br/><br/>Compensation and clean up by Shell has not been carried out. The court case is still going on in the Netherlands, and hopefully it en up in favour to the local affected community.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation.(NOSDRA) <br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Federal Ministry of Environment.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> The Goi Case: A reluctant Boxing Match against Shell - Friends of the Earth Neatherlands<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://worsethanbad.org/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://justiceinnigerianow.org/shell" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.legaloil.com/NewsItem.asp?DocumentIDX=1195169581andCategory=news" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/10/11/nigeria-shell-hague-lawsuit.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201209261287.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ,-era-foen-urges-shell.html<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://nigeriancurrent.com/news/item/430-polluted-farmlands-take-responsibility-for-your-mess" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ,goi community:milieu defensieandoq=factsheet,goi community:milieu defensieandgs_l=hp.12...0.0.2.5167.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0..0.0.les;..0.0...1c.VM9PGk6FnX4andpsj=1andbav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.andfp=273d1cdaa7ec2b2aandbpcl=35277026andbiw=1366andbih=569<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.google.co.uk/#hl=enandoutput=searchandsclient=psy-abandq=factsheet" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19905694" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://r0b0tic.us/2011/06/08/shell-oil-spills-in-the-niger-delta/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.milieudefensie.nl/publicaties/factsheets/factsheet-the-people-of-nigeria-versus-shell-timeline-shell-courtcase" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.milieudefensie.nl/english/shell/oil-leaks/courtcase" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iaBKrfiVMzB-ag2s_m2vy56W-PJQ?docId=CNG.365b03e7b26fdafeebcd8f1bc06d5b24.181" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://sweetcrudereports.com/2012/10/10/shell-dragged-before-dutch-court-over-nigeria-oil-spill/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Court Trial: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzImhVJGVw4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Nnimmo Bassey</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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