Green Resources platantions, Tanzania

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Green Resources arrived in 2006 in the region, and set up pine and eucalyptus plantations with the aim to sell carbon credits (400 thousand tons of CO2) to the Norwegian state for offsetting its greenhouse gas emissions. In 2008, a the project was presented as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project to the Executive Board of the CDM of the UNFCCC. The exclusive use of community lands to establish plantations has been received from the government by a lease of 99 years. Main impacts reported have been that local people have lost their lands; poor working conditions; - Destruction of biodiversity on which people rely for food, fuel and medicines. Plantations established on grasslands, home to endangered species; and people have reduced water availability</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Green Resources platantions, Tanzania</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/tanzania">Tanzania</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Iringa province, southern Tanzania</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Mufindi region</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp<br /> REDD/CDM</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Green Resources is a private Norwegian company with 60 shareholders, set up in 1995, with activities such as plantations and renewable energy projects. Besides Tanzania, Green Resources operates in Uganda and Mozambique. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>12682: (plantation area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>:hundreds of people</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/green-resources'>Green Resources</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/norway'><small>Norway</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Tanzania government</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/norfund'>Norfund</a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/norway'><small>Norway</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Envirocare (Tanzania) and Timberwatch Coalition (South Africa)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Soil erosion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Lack of updated info after denuncations</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Karumbidza, Blessing and Wally Menne, “CDM Carbon Sink Tree Plantations: a case study from Tanzania”, 2010, Timberwatch Coalition (); and www.greenresources.no<br/><a class="refanch small" href="www.timberwatch.org" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="wrm.org.uy" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Winnie Overbeek</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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