Opposition to oil&gas exploitation, New Zealand

Workers and environmentalists ally to oppose prospections and deep shore drilling by oil giants Chevron, Statoil and Shell. They reject use of national resources for private profits


Description

Chevron is a new entrant into the New Zealand oil and gas industry and it was recently awarded three offshore exploration permits in the Pegasus Basin, in partnership with StatOil, a Norwegian company planning to prospect off the Northland coast. All three permits are for 15 years, and in all three cases Chevron is the operator - and Chevron and Statoil each have a 50% share of the permit." [4]  In response, on 12 May 2015 Members of the Maritime Union of New Zealand (MUNZ) and the International Transport Workers Federation (ITF) gathered outside the New Zealand consulate in Perth to air their concerns over Chevron being granted a permit in New Zealand and to alert the New Zealand public to the poor practices of Chevron, that have led to major disputes in the Australian offshore oil and gas industry and around the world.

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Basic Data
NameOpposition to oil&gas exploitation, New Zealand
CountryNew Zealand
SitePegasus Basin
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsChevron has operated in the downstream sector of New Zealand for more than 90 years, and plans to continue to build on these relationships with communities and government.

The three petroleum exploration permits - 57083, 57085 and 57087 - in the offshore Pegasus and East Coast basins, cover more than 6.26 million acres (25,300 sq. km), in a frontier basin with water depths ranging from 2,600 feet (800 m) to 9,800 feet (3,000 m) and are located southeast of North Island. Chevron New Zealand Exploration Ltd. will be the operator of the blocks with a 50 percent working interest. Statoil will hold the remaining 50 percent interest. [1]

The New Zealand Government ship in Wellington, Tangaroa, has been refitted at a cost of $24 million for oil and gas exploration.[5]
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date0000
Company Names or State Enterprises Statoil from Norway
Chevron Corporation from United States of America
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMembers of the Maritime Union of New Zealand (MUNZ) ;

International Transport Workers Federation (ITF);

Greenpeace
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInformal workers
International ejos
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
many local campaigns with signatures
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Global warming
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The protests slowed down the planned of three offshore exploration permits in the Pegasus Basin from Chevron and Statoil and at now the situation is under negotiation.
Sources and Materials
References

Philosophy & Praxis of Non-Violent Direct Action From (past) Indigenous Resistance To (present) Environmental Campaigning In Aotearoa – New Zealand
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THESIS: Moreno Ibáñez Marta, THE ENVIRONMENT AS A SPACE FOR POWER-RELATED DISPUTES. Offshoreoilexploration in New Zealand: A clash between corporate interests, governmental agenda and indigenous peoples’ rights, 23 May 2013; Abstract: http://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/5324
[click to view]

Links

Chevron New Zealand
[click to view]

[3]Perth protest rally targets Chevron’s New Zealand operation, 13 May 2015
[click to view]

[4] Maorielevision, Protestors against Chevron take concerns to NZ consulate in Perth, 13 May 2015.
[click to view]

[8]

Greenpeace activists convicted but receive no further punishment over 10-hour occupation of theTangaroa, Greenpeace, February 11, 2016

http://www.greenpeace.org/new-zealand/en/press/Greenpeace-activists-convicted-but-receive-no-further-punishment-over-10-hour-occupation-of-the-Tangaroa/
[click to view]

[1]Chevron.com, Chevron Acquires Blocks Offshore New Zealand, December 2014
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[2]Lois Williams, Deep-sea oil drilling protest in Northland, Radionz, 28 August 2015
[click to view]

New Zealand Petroleum & Minerals, Block Offer 2016
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[9]TOKO hosted by Greenpeace, BLOCK THE OFFER
[click to view]

[5]Greenpeace.org, Greenpeace activists occupy Government climate ship caught searching for oil, Greenpeace, November 24, 2015
[click to view]

[7] Theguardian,New Zealand Greenpeace protesters scale parliament roof, The guardian, 25 June 2015
[click to view]

[6] Shell quits Southern drilling plans - wheelscoming of government programme, Greenpeace, October 1, 2015
[click to view]

Media Links

Maoritelevision, Protestors against Chevron take concerns to NZ consulate in Perth, 13 May 2015
[click to view]

Listen to Northland reporter Lois Williams on Checkpoint
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Other Documents

Protesters gather outside the Northland Regional Council building in Whangarei to protest against deep sea oil drilling. Photo: 123rf.com Lois Williams, Deep-sea oil drilling protest in Northland, Radionz, 28 August 2015

http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/regional/282658/deep-sea-oil-drilling-protest-in-northland
[click to view]

One of the protesters: 86-year-old patuharakeke Kuia Pauline Smith Photo: RNZ / Lois Williams Lois Williams, Deep-sea oil drilling protest in Northland, Radionz, 28 August 2015

http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/regional/282658/deep-sea-oil-drilling-protest-in-northland
[click to view]

Anti-oil and gas exploration protesters arrive in Waitangi in June. Photo: RNZ Lois Williams, Deep-sea oil drilling protest in Northland, Radionz, 28 August 2015



http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/regional/282658/deep-sea-oil-drilling-protest-in-northland
[click to view]

Protestors in Perth have called for the New Zealand government to reconsider offshore oil exploration permits granted to oil and gas giant Chevron in the Pegasus Basin. Maorielevision, Protestors against Chevron take concerns to NZ consulate in Perth, 13 May 2015.

http://www.maoritelevision.com/news/regional/protestors-against-chevron-take-concerns-nz-consulate-perth
[click to view]

The dead fish left by protesters today outside the Northland Regional Council. Photo: RNZ / Lois Williams Lois Williams, Deep-sea oil drilling protest in Northland, Radionz, 28 August 2015

http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/regional/282658/deep-sea-oil-drilling-protest-in-northland
[click to view]

Theguardian,New Zealand Greenpeace protesters scale parliament roof,25 June 2015

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/25/new-zealand-greenpeace-protesters-scale-parliament-roof
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMyriam Bartolucci, EjAtlas internship researcher, [email protected]
Last update11/04/2016
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