Guafo - Minas de Carbón, Chile

Description
La isla Guafo, está ubicada en la region al extremo sur de Chiloé, posee una biodiversidad única en America del Sur, lo que suscita alto interes científico, ya que ademas de colindar con areas protegidas para la procreacion de ballenas y otras especies, es refugio williche para pesca artesanal. Lugar de origen de la papa (como Darwin ya señaló en el Viaje del Beagle).
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Basic Data
NameGuafo - Minas de Carbón, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceChiloé
SiteIsla Guafo
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Establishment of reserves/national parks
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesCoal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMina a cielo abierto carbón superficial de 7.900 kilocaloras/kg, con muy bajo porcentaje de azufre y ceniza
Project Area (in hectares)12000
Level of Investment (in USD)150000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population150
Start Date2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesSouth World Consulting
Relevant government actorsIntendencia de Puerto Montt
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFederacion Williche de Chiloé, Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Austral, Consejo Provincial de Pesca Artesanal de Chiloé, Centro Ballena Azul, Oceana
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives- Area Marina Costera Protegida para Chiloé

- Aplicación Convenio 169 OIT
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.De momento las acciones emprendidas tanto por las organizaciones indígenas

como por los conservacionistas han logrado que el proyecto se mantenga en estudio y no se tome una decisión que inicie la explotación.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Mines and Communities

Periodico Mundo Acuícola

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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