Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator in Wuhan, China

Residents complained about the location and harmful gases, which can lead to secondary pollution; they are also concerned about the air and water pollution


Description
In 2004, the project was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National and City Planning Commissions. Afterwards, the EIA, FS and other preparation works before construction were conducted. It was build between 2006 and 2009 with investment of 0.5 billion RMB for two phases. it's planned to deal with the domestic waste 1,500 tons totally per day. In 2012, the project started to be put into commercial operation. Because of the location of the project, in the middle of Guoding mountain, it affected the citizens' daily life around 800 square meters during its function. Over 20 local congress delegates proposed to move away the incinerator to another place and they stated the project had seriously impacts on environmental protection area, development of surrounding residential areas and other enterprises. Also the local residents complained about it to Wuhan Development and Reform Commission. The residents complained about the location of the project, and the fact that the incinerator with circulating vulcanization bed produced harmful gases, which can lead to secondary pollution; they are also concerned about the air pollution, water pollution and solid waste pollution. The pollution of Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator, Wuhan can lead to many diseases, a program of China’s Central TV Station revealed in 2013, which got lot of attention. In July 2013, Hubei Provincial Environmental Protection Office claimed that Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator, Wuhan has serious illegal aspects, as it did not have a properly operational pollution control apparatus, did not arrange the resettlement of residents, treated the garbage percolating liquid without permission, among others. They also claimed that the incinerator had to stop to be restructured and did not allow to produce until permission. In 2013, the incinerator stopped, and WUHAN government forced it to move; in Jan. 2014, the incinerator moved to new place, at the end of 2014, the incinerator re-operate, and government claimed that incinerator meets the environmental requirements. In October 12th 2013, the Ministry of Environment named and shamed 72 polluting firms; Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator in Wuhan was included.
Basic Data
NameHanyang Guodingshan Incinerator in Wuhan, China
CountryChina
ProvinceHubei Province
SiteWuhan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project was designed to deal with the domestic waste for 1,500 tons per day. And it is also estimated to generate electricity for 2,200,000 Mwh and realize the revenue of 143,720,000 RMB.
Project Area (in hectares)12 hectares
Level of Investment (in USD)about 81,960,000
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsWuhan Congressional delegates members
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersENGO from Beijing
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Othercancer cases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Other socio-economic impacts
Othermigration, resettlement to other places
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Development of AlternativesIt was proposed to move away the incinerator and ensure compensation to the victims
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
References

Hu, H., Li, X., Nguyen, A. D., & Kavan, P. (2015). A Critical Evaluation of Waste Incineration Plants in Wuhan (China) Based on Site Selection, Environmental Influence, Public Health and Public Participation. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(7), 7593-7614.
[click to view]

Links

China.org 13 Dec 2013 - 8 deaths linked to garbage plants
[click to view]

ENFI - Waste Incineration
[click to view]

Other Documents

Guodingshan waste incineration plant with residential buildings nearby. Source: Hu, H., Li, X., Nguyen, A. D., & Kavan, P. (2015). A Critical Evaluation of Waste Incineration Plants in Wuhan (China) Based on Site Selection, Environmental Influence, Public Health and Public Participation. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(7), 7593-7614.
[click to view]

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ContributorJoanna, L
Last update12/04/2016
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