Hidroeléctrica Santa Rita S.A. in Monte Olivo, Guatemala

Another project is approved under the CDM, despite all the violence and deaths and stiff protests of local inhabitants.


Description

En el 2008, el Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MEM) concede los permisos a la empresa Hidro Santa Rita S.A de capital guatemalteco y hondureño para la construcción de una hidroeléctrica en el río Dolores en el Municipio de Alta Verapaz.

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Basic Data
NameHidroeléctrica Santa Rita S.A. in Monte Olivo, Guatemala
CountryGuatemala
ProvinceAlta Verapaz
SiteMonte Olivo, Cobán
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
REDD/CDM
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project activity is based on the use of renewable hydro resources to produce electricity. It comprises a run of river hydroelectric plant with an installed capacity of 24.2 MW1, a nominal capacity of 23.2 MW2

and an estimated mean annual production of 99.867 GWh per year.

According to some sources, other funds are ready to fund the project, including DEG de Alemania, FMO de Holanda, AECID de España, SIFEM de Suiza, IFC and the WB [1]
Project Area (in hectares) 254
Level of Investment (in USD)-
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population200 000
Start Date02/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesEnergía Limpia de Guatemala (ELG) from Guatemala - owner
Grupo Finco from Guatemala
Hidroeléctrica Santa Rita, S.A. from Guatemala
Grupo Terra from Guatemala
Relevant government actorsGobierno de Guatemala, La Policía Nacional Civil (PNC) , Alcaldía de Alta Verapaz,
International and Financial InstitutionsLatin Renewables Infrastructure Fund (LRIF)
The World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Corporación financiera internacional,
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRed Latinoamericana en Defensa de los Ríos y contra Represas (REDLAR), Comité de Unidad Campesina (CUC), organización maya Ut'z Che,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Threats to use arms
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Deaths
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Desde el 2012 ha habido un aumento sustancial de la violencia. A pesar de que ambientalistas, campesinos e indígenas mantienen su oposición a la construcción de la hidroeléctrica el proyecto sigue en construcción acompañado de desalojos forzosos, amenazas a líderes comunitarios, arrestos y muertes.
Sources and Materials
References

Project 9713 : Santa Rita Hydroelectric Plant
[click to view]

Links

Contentious Santa Rita hydro dam project given UN go ahead
[click to view]

Campaigns: Santa Rita – Large hydro power project, Guatemala
[click to view]

¿Vecinos de Hidro Santa Rita firman acuerdo con la Empresa y el Gobierno?
[click to view]

Adital. Indígenas y campesinos luchan contra implantación de hidroeléctrica
[click to view]

Telesur. (2014) 2 Deaths, 5 Disappeared after Police Violence in Guatemala
[click to view]

Murdered Kids: Did Hydro Plant Thugs Attempt Assassination of Activist?
[click to view]

Comité de Unidad Campesina, comunicado
[click to view]

[1] Guatemala: A un año del asesinato de David y Ageo, sus muertes continuan impunes - Redes Cristianas
[click to view]

[2] Prensa Comunitaria - Hidroeléctrica y violencia; un nuevo antentado contra la comunidad Monte Olivo
[click to view]

Media Links

Audio. Radio Mundo Real. Guatemala: dos niños asesinados a quemarropa por sicario de empresa hidroeléctrica Santa Rita SA en Monte Olivo, Alta Verapaz
[click to view]

Audio. Radio Mundo Real. Guatemala: Policía ocupó casas, reprimió y robó bienes a comunidad Monte Olivo, Cobán, en resistencia contra hidroeléctrica
[click to view]

Convenio Hidro Santa Rita. Discurso del Presidente Otto Pérez Molina
[click to view]

Other Documents

Pancanta en territorio indígena
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorGrettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update11/11/2016
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