Sud de France TGV train Station in floodable area, Montpellier, France

In spite of the local population opposition and the possibility of a genuine better alternative to receive the high speed trains connecting Nimes and Montpellier, Sud de France station construction seems imminent.


Description

The Government’s decree of February 11th 2015 approves the Public-Private Parternship with the ICADE promotor for the construction of the Sud de France TGV train station in Méjanelle/Pont Trinquat. The new train station is presented as required for the new high speed railway under construction between Nimes and Montpellier. Local and national organizations mobilize together to denounce the numerous absurdity of the project; as the TGV future station is to be constructed by the Negue-Cats stream, which regularly overflows. The neighbors’ collective « anti-gare de la Mogère » denounces the lack of transparency of the whole decision-making process. For instance, the annexes of the private-public partnership contract were not published. The reasons justifying a public-private partnership were not communicated to the general public. It is feared such contract will give advantages to the private partner’s financial interests. They also reminded that the public investigation in the general interest from September to October 2014 was barely publicized.  Still almost 700 people participated and 685 declared to be against the project. Finally the public investigation gives its conclusions in favor of the project.   The same neighbors’ collective recalls that the Environmental Authority declared itself against the project in April 2014. In 2005 a declaration in the public interest proposed the construction of a railways’ exchanger at Saint-Brès  which would allow the high speed trains coming from Nimes to arrive to the Saint-Roch Montpellier central train station. That’s the option they keep supporting until now. It is much cheaper and it does not prejudice the Negue-Cats banks’ fauna and flora. It is also in the interest of the travelers’ comfort to have only one train station, in case of connections. The activists denounce the fact that the TGV station comes to feed the real estate promoters for the urbanization of “Montpellier Agglomeration”.  Two judicial appeals were initiated against the project in February and August 2015 respectively before the Conseil d’Etat and the Administrative Tribunal of Montpellier. Still in October 2015  the planning construction was granted by the Herault prefet. 

Basic Data
NameSud de France TGV train Station in floodable area, Montpellier, France
CountryFrance
SiteMontpellier
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Sud de France TGV station serves to received the high speed trains which will be circulating on the under construction high speed railway between Nimes and Montpellier.

Behind the TGV train station there are bigger interests at stake, as its construction serves to justify the real estate transactions for the urbanization projects of Lattes' area ("ODE à la Mer" and "Oz Montpellier"), outside of Montpellier, orchestrate by the society SERM. The high way A9 bis will also cross the floodable area (constructed by Vinci). A tramway new line is also be necessary for the connection between the Montpellier central train station and the new TGV station Sud de France.
Level of Investment (in USD)200,000,000.00
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesSNCF Reseau from France
Oc'via from France - contracted for the construction of Nimes-Montpellier TGV railways
Vinci Group (Vinci) from France
ICADE - contracted for the construction of the so controversial TGV train station
Societe d'Equipement de la Region de Montpellier (SERM) from France - involved in the ODE à la Mer urbanization project
Relevant government actorsMinistère de l'Environnement et du Developpement Durable, Prefet de l'Herault, Conseil d’Etat, the Administrative Tribunal of Montpellier, Autorité Environnementale
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif anti-gare de la Mogère, ATTAC Montpellier, Vélocité Montpellier, Agir pour l’Environnement (APE), Fédération Nationale des Associations d’usagers des transports, Languedoc Roussillon (FNAUT LR), Fédération Régionale Associative de Protection de la Nature et de l’environnement, France Nature Environnement, Action Nature et Territoire en Languedoc-Roussillon (ACNAT LR), Association Etudes et consommation CFDT (ASSECO CFDT LR), Association voisins et voisines de l’avenue de Toulouse (AVeVat), NDLL34, Montpellier 4020, FADUC LR, Syndicat des Halles et Marches, Club économique Jacques Cœur
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Development of AlternativesAn additional railway exchanger at Saint-Brès. The exchanger would allow the high speed trains to enter the Montpellier central train station Saint-Roch. It would be much cheaper and also would be much more confortable for the travelers' connections to remain in the same train station.

"Stop aux projects inutiles et couteux" : "Stop expensive and useless projects"
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Two judicial cases are in progress but the construction of the train station was validated by the executive power representatives at national and local levels.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Valls' Government Decree, 11/02/2015 validates the Public-Private Parternship with ICADE for the TGV train station construction

Autorite Environnementale N°2014-28 - Septembre 2014
[click to view]

References

Enquete Publique Gare Montpellier Sud de France - Memoire en reponses suite à l'avis de l'Autorite Environnementale N°2014-28 - Septembre 2014
[click to view]

Links

Montpellier Sud de France, SNCF Reseau
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Bilan de la pétition : Montpellier : Stop à une 2e gare TGV en zone inondable
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Nouvelle gare TGV Montpellier : recours contre un projet absurde, inutile et couteux
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Presentation of the Project by the National Minstry of Environment (in French)

Projet de contournement ferroviaire de Nîmes et Montpellier, 27/02/2013
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Désintox: Les Tartuffe de la gare TGV de Montpellier la Mogère, garetgv.free.fr
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Le préfet de l'Hérault valide la future gare TGV Montpellier-Sud de France, France3 Regions, 03/10/2015
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Les Verts poursuivent leur bataille contre la future gare TGV de Montpellier, France3 Regions, 28/07/2015
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Montpellier : la fédération des usagers dénonce la future gare TGV, Midi Libre
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Media Links

Une 2e gare TGV : le grand projet inutile imposé de Montpellier, 25/02/2015
[click to view]

Other Documents

Road to Perols' airport flooded, overflow of the Negue-Cats stream http://garetgv.free.fr/ Guillaume de Turckheim
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCamila Rolando Mazzuca
Last update23/02/2016
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