Historic Fracking Ban Passes in Heart of “Frack Country”, USA

Denton, Texas was one of the first counties in the US to experience fracking. After nearly two decades of fracking throughout the community, citizens are vigorously pursuing a ban on further drilling.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Haliburton began developing the technology of hydraulic fracturing in the suburbs of Texas during the mid-1990's. Denton, Texas was one of the first towns to experience this practice. Subsequently, there are hundreds of wells across the region, with serious impacts to environmental and human health. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">On November 5 of 2014, the people of Denton voted by 59% to ban the practice of fracking in their town. The ban was later overruled at the state level (it was decreed to be "unconstitutional"), yet the symbolic victory remained crucial for the people of Denton, as well as for struggles against fracking across the US. <br/><br/>The Denton fracking ban is currently being contested in two different legal cases. The first has been levied by the Texas Oil and Gas Association and the second is through the State of Texas' General Land Office. <br/><br/>As of February 2015, both cases are being heard in the 16th District Court in Denton County. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Historic Fracking Ban Passes in Heart of “Frack Country”, USA</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/united-states-of-america">United States of America </a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Texas</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Denton</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Shale gas fracking</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">There are over 250 fracking wells within the city limits. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>123,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/halliburton'>Halliburton</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a><br /><a href='/company/texas-oil-and-gas-association'>Texas Oil and Gas Association <small>(TXOGA)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a> - <small>Suing the town of Denton</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Denton County 16th District Court <br/><br/>Texas General Land Office</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Frack Free Denton<br/><br/>Texas Environmental Justice Advocacy Series (TEJAS)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Referendum other local consultations<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Noise pollution, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Neurotoxin exposure, blindness, skin disease.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Court decision (undecided)<br /> New legislation<br /> a ban that was later overturned</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The ban is currently being defended in court. State and national legislatures are receiving petitions to protect the ban. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Whether or not the ban will be overturned will depend on the upcoming court ruling. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Frack Free Denton<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://frackfreedenton.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Denton Councilman Kevin Roden discusses the citizen's movement for the fracking ban.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MiPmisVjN4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Denton.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Eleanor Finley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>09/03/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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