Hydro Power Plant Lukovo Pole, National Park Mavrovo, Macedonia

HPP Lukovo Pole was planned to be constructed in National Park Mavrovo until the World Bank -under the pressure by the environmental CSOs- withdraw its financial support to the project.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The Lukovo Pole Renewable Energy Project (LPREP) on the Korab mountain range in Northwest Macedonia was proposed by JSC ELEM in December 2010. LPREP is part of bigger ELEM Vardar Valle project. LPREP will divert water from the Radika River and its tributaries through three existing Macedonian Hydro Power Plants: “Vrben” (a run-of-river plant upstream of Mavrovo lake), and “Vrutok” and “Raven” (dam-storage plants downstream of the lake). Namely, the water from Korab catchment will be transferred to Lukovo Pole storage and Crn Kamen River via a 20 km long pipe system. The storage will be generated by construction of a 70 m high dam at Lukovo and would have capacity of about 39 million m3. Besides, the LPREP includes construction of new small hydro-power plant Crn Kamen of about 5 MW. Total energy generation from this project is expected to be 160 GWh/year. The LPREP’s main investor JSC ELEM was granted with a World Bank loan. The World Bank explains its involvement in the project due to the importance of increasing Macedonia’s reliance on renewable energy. As the LPREP project is situated in the territory of the Mavrovo National Park, the Macedonian environmental CSOs claim the project will negatively impact on the Dlaboka Reka (one of the Radika river tributaries) whose valley is characterized as a fragile ecosystem of unique ancient beech forest, while the storage will cover parts of alpine meadows important in terms of plant biodiversity. Besides, the project will disturb the habitat of the only remaining population of the endangered species of the Balkan lynx (Lynx lynx ssp. Balcanicus). According to CSOs, during the Project preparations, the locality in NP Mavrovo where the HPP is planned to be constructed was downgraded from a strictly protected area (no activities allowed) to an “area with sustainable use” ( construction allowed). In their opinion the project will violate the Law on Nature Protection, Natura 2000, and the Bern, Bonn and Rio conventions. CSOs and local villagers also criticized the lack of the public participation in the decision making process of LPREP and emphasized that the construction of the HPP Lukovo Pole will cause water scarcity in the Radika river neighboring villages, including changes in the local activities and cultural identity. The project has an international dimension, as it would include changing the local hydrology and diverting river water from the Adriatic to the Aegean drainage basin. This has provoked fear among Albanian citizens and political opposition that the Radika River diversion might reduce the flow of water to their HPPs. Several protests of “Alliance against the diversion of the river” have been organised in front of the Albanian government in Tirana asking from their ministry of foreign affairs to explain the case. According to the opposition, the project violates the current legal framework -the river Drim contract- signed by Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Kosovo and Montenegro in 2011. In December 2015, the WB withdrew its funding for the HPP Lukovo Pole.   </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Hydro Power Plant Lukovo Pole, National Park Mavrovo, Macedonia </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/macedonia-fyr">Macedonia, FYR</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Mavrovo, Rostusha and Gostivar</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Water Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Dams and water distribution conflicts<br /> Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The water from the Radika River will be guided through a 20 km long covered feeder channel. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Lukovo Pole reservoir will have storage capacity of 39 million m3; Dam height of about 70 m high; Max daily flush: 6 m³/s <br/><br/>More then 20 km of road will widened and bitumised; <br/><br/>Directly affected area inside Mavrovo NP: 3,546 ha.<br/><br/>The additional water diverted through Mavrovo River cascade will result in generation of extra 150-MW in HPP Vrutok, 19.2-MW in HPP Raven, and 12.8-MW in HPP Vrben. The Project will provide additional 77Mm3/year to existing HPP. <br/><br/>Mature population Balkan lynx is estimated to count less than 50 individuals.<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>150</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>83,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>10,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>07/12/2015</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/jsc-elem'>JSC "MACEDONIAN POWERPLANTS" -ELEM <small>(ELEM)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/macedonia-fyr'><small>Macedonia, FYR</small></a> - <small>Investor, granted with the World Bank loan</small><br /><a href='/company/poyry'>Poyry</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/finland'><small>Finland</small></a> - <small>Contracted to perform environmental and social impact assessments </small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Macedonia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/world-bank'>The World Bank <small>(WB)</small></a> - <small>Investor</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Front 21/42: http://www.front.org.mk/main_eng.php; <br/><br/>EkoSvest: http://www.ekosvest.com.mk/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Foreign political parties and citizents</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation<br /> Project cancelled<br /> Withdrawal of company/investment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>CSOs demand from the World Bank and the Macedonian government abandoning the idea for this project. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The WB decided not to finance construction of the HPP Lukovo Pole. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Macedonian Law on Nature Protection<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/mac60910E.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Natura 2000<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/biodiversity/comm2006/2020.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> AlJazeera various links<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://balkans.aljazeera.net/tag/lukovo-pole" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lukovo Pole Water Regulation and Renewable Energy Project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P112730/lukovo-pole-water-regulation-renewable-energy-project?lang=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> HPP Lukovo Pole<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ekostav.mk/%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE/%D1%85%D0%B5-%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE-%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B5/?lang=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Online petition to save NP Mavrovo<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ekostav.mk/peticija-za-spas-na-mavrovo/?lang=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Macedonia: No dams in Mavrovo National Park<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.rainforest-rescue.org/mailalert/947/macedonia-no-dams-in-mavrovo-national-park" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ГО ГУБИМЕ ЛИ НП МАВРОВО? „ХИДРОЕНЕРГЕТСКИ ПРОЕКТИ НАСПРОТИ ЗАШТИТА НА ПРИРОДАТА“<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ekostav.mk/go-gubime-li-mavrovo/?lang=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Еколошки банер за проектот Луково Поле<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ekostav.mk/baner-lukovo-pole/?lang=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Hydro power plants endanger the Balkan lynx in Macedonia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://bankwatch.org/news-media/blog/hydro-power-plants-endanger-balkan-lynx-macedonia" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Macedonia names Poyry to assess Lukovo Pole Dam, 5-MW Crn Kamen<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.hydroworld.com/articles/2011/11/macedonia-names-poyry.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> World Bank Statement on Proposed Lukovo Pole Hydropower Project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.noodls.com/view/49D5F97CA1D2D8E5E976F5834595C36CC55744A9?5704xxx1390597328" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Hydropower Struggle: Dams Threaten Europe's Last Wild Rivers<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/hydropower-dams-threaten-river-wildlife-in-balkans-a-943318-2.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Albanian Foreign Minister: No Interstate Agreement with Macedonia on ”Lukovo Pole"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.independent.mk/articles/1271/Albanian+Foreign+Minister+No+Interstate+Agreement+with+Macedonia+on+Lukovo+Pole%22" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protests against interventions in the National Park Mavrovo, in the Republic of Macedonia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.env-net.org/protests-against-any-interventions-in-the-national-park-mavrovo-continue/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Dam construction plans put national park at risk<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.balkanrivers.net/en/key-areas/mavrovo-national-park" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ELEM Macedonian power plants<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.elem.com.mk/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Albanci protiv preusmjeravanja rijeke Radike<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/albanci-protiv-preusmjeravanja-rijeke-radike" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gradnja akumulacije podijelila Makedonce<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/gradnja-akumulacije-podijelila-makedonce" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Mavrovo National Park, Macedonia DAM CONSTRUCTION PLANS PUT NATIONAL PARK AT RISK!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.euronatur.org/fileadmin/docs/projekte/Balkan_Rivers_Blaues_Herz_Europa/Mavrovo_Nationalpark_Fact_sheet.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> VARDAR VALLEY VARDAR VALLEY PROJECT PROJECT<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.energy-community.org/pls/portal/docs/36348.PDF" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lukovo Pole Water Regulation and Renewable Energy Project- Dropped<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P112730/lukovo-pole-water-regulation-renewable-energy-project?lang=en&tab=overview" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> New hope for Balkan Rivers: World Bank drops funding for hydropower project in Mavrovo National Park in Macedonia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.balkanrivers.net/en/news/new-hope-balkan-rivers-world-bank-drops-funding-hydropower-project-mavrovo-national-park" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Sporni projekat Lukovo Pole<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SKOFTQ65bsc" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lukovo Pole ENG<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=di3dXlaHPVg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> EKOLOGISTI LUKOVO POLE<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1ncfpj_ekologisti-lukovo-pole_news" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>The river Crn Kamen where Lukovo Pole dam will be situated </strong> Location of the dam under the project Lukovo Pole<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/______-____.png" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>The Macedonian government is planning to construct 19 new hydro-power plants on the rivers of Mavrovo National Park, the HPPs Lukovo Pole and Boškov Most are the two biggest. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>18/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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