Huanuni, Bolivia

Description
La mina ha funcionado desde inicios del siglo pasado y a traves del tiempo ha generado diversos impactos ambientales especialmente a las aguas del rio Huanuni y al suelo de la sub cuenca.
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Basic Data
NameHuanuni, Bolivia
CountryBolivia
ProvinceOruro
SiteDalence
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Zinc
Estaño (Tin)
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Opera desde 1910 Consumo de agua 327 Lt/seg.
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Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population6500
Start Date2003
Company Names or State EnterprisesCorporacion Minera de Bolivia (COMIBOL) from Bolivia
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional de Bolivia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoordinadora en defensa de la cuenca del Rio Desaguadero, los lagos Uru Uru y Poopó (CORIDUP)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Farmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Pastoralists
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Desertification/Drought
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherRisk from heavy metals in water bodies
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Migration/displacement
Repression
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of Alternatives- Construccion de diques de colas (relaves de mina)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Existe una larga historia de abusos sobre los mineros y pobladores: la mina

continua funcionando y contaminando las aguas.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

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REGLAMENTO EN MATERIA DE CONTAMINACION HIDRICA
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Informe presentado en la evaluacion del avance en la aplicacion del

Decreto Supremo 0335, que declara a la sub cuenca Huanuni en Situacion

de Emergencia Ambiental de caracter Departamental

References

Gobernador de Oruro reconoce que Mina Huanuni causa contaminacion ambiental, 31.07.2010
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Links

OCMAL
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CORIDUP
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articulo histórico,
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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez
Last update08/04/2014
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