Huichapan, waste incineration in Cemex factory, Hidalgo

Description
Este es un conflicto causado por la incineración de residuos en una fábrica de cemento. La organización GAIA reportó en 2012 que la comunidad de Huichapán, en el estado de Hidalgo, logró tras 6 meses de movilizaciones pacíficas y acciones legales la clausura de la planta de la empresa Proambiente, filial de Cementos Mexicanos, CEMEX, por parte de la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT).
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Basic Data
NameHuichapan, waste incineration in Cemex factory, Hidalgo
CountryMexico
ProvinceHidalgo
SiteHuichapan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Cement
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project Details12,000 tons daily of urban domestic waste from Mexico City were burnt in the Cemex cement factory in Huachipan.
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population13,200
Start Date1995
End Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesCemexMexico from Mexico
Relevant government actorsSEMARNAT, Presidenta de la Comisión de Salud del Congreso Local, Gobierno del Distrito Federal, Gobierno del Estado de Hidalgo, Gobierno del Municipio de Huichapan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCUMA (Ciudadanos Unidos por el Medio Ambiente), GAIA (Global Alliance for Incineration Alternatives), Ciudadanos Unidos por el Medio Ambiente (CUMA), Frente de Comunidades en Contra de la Incineración, Colectivo Revuelta Verde (http://revueltaverde.org)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Soil contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
OtherCancer
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The local group CUMA (united citizens for the environment) and the international alliance GAIA got the Mexican authorities to forbid incineration of waste in the CEMEX cement factory in Huichapan in 2012. No indemnities to victims of pollution.

There were reports in 2013 that the incinerator could be reopened and that it would even get CDM credits.
Sources and Materials
References

Prolifera cáncer en Huichapan
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Descripción del caso
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Armando Cruz, en La Jornada, mayo 2013, Pese a que fue cerrado en 2012, crece incidencia de cáncer, males pulmonares y de piel, alertan ONG. Incinerador de Cemex provoca afecciones en 30% de habitantes de Huichapan, Hidalgo
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Links

Posible reapertura, con créditos de carbono (CDM)
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Report by Revuelta Verde, 2013. Comunidades de los Estados de Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo y el Estado de México afectados por la industria cementera para compartir experiencias y reconocer que esta industria forma parte de este modelo extractivo que esta envenenando comunidades enteras en todo el país
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Revuelta Verde, 5 mitos de la incineración de residuos en hornos cementeros
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Meta Information
Contributorjoan martinez alier
Last update30/09/2014
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