Hung Phu Residential Area, Cái Răng, Vietnam

Evictions and unfair compensations provoked a farmer to attempt to commit suicide, while his wife and daughter stripped naked to protest: the actual cost of urban modernization


Description
Cái Răng, a peri-urban district of Can Tho City, has been well known for its floating market, which is among the biggest in the Mekong Delta. However, the district is changing rapidly due to urbanization projects, such as through the construction of the Hung Phu Residential Area, causing desperate disputes over land seizes. The Hung Phu Residential Area, supported by local government officials and approved by the Can Tho People Committee in 2002, is a 42ha urban development project, located in Can Tho province, comprised of a school, a mall, a supermarket, residential buildings, and other urban infrastructures [1].
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Basic Data
NameHung Phu Residential Area, Cái Răng, Vietnam
CountryVietnam
ProvinceCan Tho province
SiteCái Răng District, Can Tho City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The Hung Phu Residential area, located in Cái Răng – a peri-urban district of Can Tho City, covers 42ha. The project is comprised by a new urban precinct with a school, mall, supermarket, residential building, and other urban infrastructure [1].
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Project Area (in hectares)42
Level of Investment (in USD)90,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population157 households (approx. 700 - 800 persons)
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesNo. 8 Construction and Investment JSC (CIC8) (CIC8) from Vietnam - construction, property development
Western Security Service Company from Vietnam - private security
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Natural Resources and Environment; Government Inspectorate (Thanh tra Chính phủ); Hung Thanh Commune People’s Committee; The People Committee of Cai Rang District
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersno information could be found if/which organizations were supporting the case
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Land occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Refusal of compensation
suicide attempt by one man; his wife and daughter stripped naked to protest
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Attempt to commit suicide
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project goes on
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Vietnamese Land Law of 2003 (No. 13/2003/QH11)
[click to view]

Vietnamese Land Law of 2013 (Land Law No.45/2013/QH13)
[click to view]

Decree No. 22/1998/NĐ-CP (1998) on compensations for damage when the state recovers land for use in purposes of national defense, security, national interests and public interests
[click to view]

Decree No. 84/2007/ND-CP additionally stipulating the grant of land use right certificates, recovery of land, exercise of land use rights, order and procedures for compensation, support and resettlement upon land recovery by the State, and settlement of land related complaints.
[click to view]

References

[1] Australian Aid, The Asia Foundation and T&C Consulting, 2014. Public Land Disputes in Vietnam: A Multi-Actor Analysis of Five Case Studies with an East Asian Comparative. (accessed 15/06/2015)
[click to view]

Links

[2] CNN iREPORT posted online (27/05/2012): "Mother and Daughter Strip Themselves Naked in a Last Ditch Effort to Prevent Seizure of Their Land" (accessed 22/06/2015)
[click to view]

[3] Talk Vietnam online (30/05/2012): "Cai Rang authorities explain protest by naked woman on reclaimed land" (accessed 22/06/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Talk Vietnam online (31/05/2012): "Police slap fine on nude land protestor" (accessed 22/06/2015)

Other Documents

Naked protests Source: http://www.talkvietnam.com/2012/05/cai-rang-authorities-explain-protest-by-naked-woman-on-reclaimed-land/
[click to view]

naked protests and evictions Source: http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-795169
[click to view]

Project Source: http://cic8.com/v3/ctduan.php?p_id=32
[click to view]

Project plan Source: http://data.batdongsan.com.vn//Projects/110602/CKE/images/tongthe1.jpg
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorA. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com
Last update25/06/2015
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